The Earliest Gospel: A Historical Study of the Gospel According to Mark

The Earliest Gospel: A Historical Study of the Gospel According to Mark

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The Earliest Gospel: A Historical Study of the Gospel According to Mark

The Earliest Gospel: A Historical Study of the Gospel According to Mark

Read FREE!

Excerpt

The Gospel according to Mark is now regarded by nearly all scholars as the earliest and also the most original of those which we possess; and if this is the case the study of the Life of Christ must begin with it. As Professor Pfleiderer points out in his Urchristenthum, this Gospel alone admits of examination apart from any other; and the first step in the attempt to see Christ as history reveals him, must be to apprehend as clearly as we can the individual testimony of Mark's Gospel.

Several recent works on the second Gospel appreciate its importance on this ground. What is now presented to the reader does not enter into competition with the commentaries of Professor Swete or of Professor Gould, but may perhaps to some extent supplement them. On textual and philological questions Dr. Swete's book must always be consulted, and that of Dr. Gould is full of suggestion on the side of thought. Another English book which should be named is the commentary on the Synoptic Gospels in The Expositor's Greek Testament, by the late lamented Dr.A. B. Bruce.

The present work seeks to determine the historical outcome of the earliest Gospel taken by itself. On the one hand it strives to approach to the original facts handed down by the tradition; on the other to understand those special interests of the age in which the Gospel was written which necessarily determined in some degree both its contents and its form. The writer has learned most from two German works which are perhaps too solid ever to be translated, Das Marcus-evangelium by Dr.B. Weiss, 1872, and the treatment of the Synoptic Gospels by Dr.H. J. Holtzmann in the . . .

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