The World Bank in Africa: A Summary of Activities

The World Bank in Africa: A Summary of Activities

The World Bank in Africa: A Summary of Activities

The World Bank in Africa: A Summary of Activities

Excerpt

Although the Bank has made no loans in Tanganyika itself, the country benefited from the East Africa transport loan of 1955. In addition, a general survey mission was organized by the Bank at the request of the Governments of Tanganyika and the United Kingdom, and visited the territory in 1959. The mission had nine members (all but one recruited from outside the Bank's staff); its report was published by The Johns Hopkins Press in March 1961 under the title The Economic Development of Tanganyika .

The mission concluded that in many respects Tanganyika's recent development had been highly satisfactory. Agricultural, mining and industrial production had increased rapidly; exports had been growing at an annual rate of 6%. The main economic task in Tanganyika was the long-run development of agriculture and livestock, which contributed most of the country's physical product. Here the mission divided its proposals between "transformation" and "improvement", the latter bringing about greater production by changes which could fairly easily be introduced into African farming systems, the former requiring the introduction of new and radically improved systems to use the land more productively. Under "improvement", the mission emphasized effective extension work, including improved agricultural credit; under "transformation", it suggested an experimental program of planned settlement and partnership schemes in unpopulated areas, and also the preparation of a program of irrigation and flood control works. The mission believed . . .

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