Social Work and Legislation in Sweden

Social Work and Legislation in Sweden

Social Work and Legislation in Sweden

Social Work and Legislation in Sweden

Excerpt

Although Sweden is one of the smaller countries in Europe as regards population, in superficial area it ranks among the larger. On January 1, 1936, the population was about 6,250,000. As approximately comparable countries may be mentioned: The Netherlands (8.5 mill. inh.), Austria (6.8 mill.), Greece (6.7 mill.), Bulgaria (6.2 mill.) and Portugal (6.4 mill.). Sweden's area, about 449,000 sq. kilometres, is somewhat less than that of such countries as France, Spain and Germany; on the other hand it is almost half as large again as that of Great Britain and Ireland.

The northern parts, composed of mountainous tracts and abounding in vast forests, are sparsely populated, while as regards cultivation and density of population the southernmost areas are comparable with Central Europe. The sparse population of the extensive northern parts of the country is accounted for by the severe climate and the often barren soil in those latitudes, whereas the well-populated southernmost province, Skåne (Scania), has been endowed by nature with a soil which rivals the finest that our Continent has to offer. Considering its northerly position, Sweden has, on the whole, a very favourable climate. Thanks to the Gulf Stream, the winter temperature is considerably higher than the mean temperature of countries in the same latitudes, and it is this fortunate circumstance which has enabled Sweden, in spite of a geographical position comparable to that of south Greenland, the Hudson Bay countries, etc., to attain a prominent place amongst the civilized countries.

Within its extensive area, and especially on account of its length from north to south, Sweden possesses great variations of climate and natural features, and the national character has not escaped their influence, as is particularly shown by the existence of a very distinctive peasant and provincial culture, handed down from time immemorial. At the same time Sweden has always maintained the most lively con-

Author Advanced search

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.