The Effectiveness of European Union Environmental Policy

The Effectiveness of European Union Environmental Policy

The Effectiveness of European Union Environmental Policy

The Effectiveness of European Union Environmental Policy


Several hundred directives on environmental policy have been produced by the European Union. What impact has the output of this "legislative factory" had? After considering how decisions on environmental policy in the EU are made and the balance of power between business and environmental interests, this book looks in depth at the areas of global warming, water pollution, and air pollution.


This book results from collaboration which started when all three authors were in the Department of Politics and International Studies at the University of Warwick, although Peter Newell is now a Research Fellow at the Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex. The early phases of the book involved collaboration with Steven Kennedy at Macmillan and we are grateful to him for his editorial advice and assistance.

We have followed the convention established by William and Helen Wallace in their edited book Policy-Making in the European Union and for the sake of simplicity referred to the European Union, except where the references are specific to pre-Maastricht events.

Duncan Matthews would like to express his gratitude to the Economic and Social Research Council for providing generous financial support within the ESRC Single European Market Programme (award no. R000233673) and the ESRC Global Environmental Change Programme (award no. L320223011). The results of research funded by the ESRC form the basis of Chapter 3 and Chapter 6. The latter chapter also includes a discussion of implementation and enforcement problems originally raised in the context of a Department for Education and Employment (DfEE) research project on 'The Implications of the Evolution of European Integration for UK Labour Markets', the results of which were published in the DfEE research series report no. 74 (March 1996). Duncan Matthews is also grateful to John Pickering for his constant moral support and expert advice on the economics of environmental policy and to former colleagues at the National Institute of Economic and Social Research for providing a genuinely supportive research community. Finally, he would like to thank the ESRC Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation at the University of Warwick for the opportunity to compile this work in 1998.

Peter Newell would like to thank the following for providing useful advice about literatures and sources of information:

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