Pakistan: 1995 is the second volume of a series of biennial assessments of contemporary events and issues in Pakistan affairs published by Westview Press in affiliation with the American Institute of Pakistan Studies. The first volume in this series was Charles H. Kennedy, ed., Pakistan: 1992 (1993). In general this series covers issues relevant to Pakistan's domestic politics, foreign policy, and economy. Pakistan: 1995 also examines issues relevant to ethnic conflict, the status of women, the military, Islamization, the judiciary, privatization policy, and nuclear issues. Each of the contributors to this volume is a specialist on Pakistan, and each has had recent research experience in the state relevant to their respective contribution.
The American Institute of Pakistan Studies (AIPS) is a non-profit, tax- exempt, non-partisan educational organization and a member of the Council of American Overseas Research Centers. AIPS was founded in 1973; its mission is to encourage and support research on issues relevant to Pakistan and to promote exchange between the United States and Pakistan. To fulfill this mission, AIPS provides research fellowships to American and Pakistani researchers, administers lectureships, and sponsors academic conferences.
It should be noted that earlier versions of several of the chapters in this volume were presented at the Politics of Social Change in Pakistan Conference held at Columbia University, March 28-29, 1994, (chapters 4, 5, and 6), and at the Oxford Conference on Pakistan held at Queen Elizabeth House, Oxford University, April 15-17, 1994 (chapters 2 and 7). Special thanks are owed to the respective organizers of these conferences: Rasul B. Rais, then-Quaid-i-Azam Professor, Columbia University; and Omar Noman, Director, International Development Centre, Queen Elizabeth House, Oxford University. Financial assistance for the final production of Pakistan: 1995 was provided by the Research and Publication Fund of the Graduate School of Wake Forest University.
The co-editors would like to gratefully acknowledge the support and encouragement of Susan McEachern and her colleagues at Westview Press, who kept us focused on the final product.