Gifted Children, Their Psychology and Education

Gifted Children, Their Psychology and Education

Gifted Children, Their Psychology and Education

Gifted Children, Their Psychology and Education

Excerpt

In time of great difficulty or serious threat, armies press into service their ablest generals; ball clubs, their finest pitchers; and industries, their shrewdest managers. In the frightening times after Hiroshima, society might have been expected to search out and use the best leadership and the best intelligence available. Dependence on scientific invention and international understanding dramatized the need for intelligent leadership and for insights of high order. The launching of mechanical satellites publicized what should be seen as a central principle: Society is ever dependent on the insight and the foresight of its ablest citizens.

An effective society encourages the maximum development of various abilities and provides for the comparatively uninhibited interchange of both ideas and services. In a democracy, progress comes through the efforts of all but it follows the plans or ideas of some.

The social need for intelligence

Man is eternally short of his goal. He searches for better food, greater warmth, surer love, more power, deeper understanding, and longer life. In each of these struggles he is particularly dependent on intelligence. Animals adapt themselves to specific environments and become bound to them. Man adapts the environment to himself. He conquers and alters his surroundings. In this, he succeeds more by cleverness than by strength or courage. Each new conquest or extension of space makes the world more intricate and creates new demands for intelligence and invention.

The launching of two Russian space satellites in late 1957 produced a clamor for technicians and scientists. These incidents sharp-

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