Uganda: Post-Conflict Reconstruction : Country Case Evaluation

Uganda: Post-Conflict Reconstruction : Country Case Evaluation

Uganda: Post-Conflict Reconstruction : Country Case Evaluation

Uganda: Post-Conflict Reconstruction : Country Case Evaluation

Excerpt

Following its creation in 1946, the World Bank's first loan to the government of France was to help rebuild the country after the massive destruction suffered in World War II. Since then, post-conflict reconstruction has been a recurring theme in the Bank's work. Given the rapidly increasing number of post-conflict areas and the enormity and complexity of rebuilding in each case, the Bank is taking a fresh look at how it can best provide assistance to such troubled parts of the globe. One way is take a look at past experiences in dealing with post‐ conflict reconstruction in an attempt to draw some key lessons for ongoing and future operations in post-conflict areas.

This review of Uganda is one of a series of field-based country case studies assessing the Bank's recent experiences with post-conflict reconstruction. Other studies in this series include El Salvador and Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Why choose Bosnia and Herzegovina, El Salvador, and Uganda for field-based case studies of post-conflict reconstruction? Indeed, the selection of countries for case study was not self-evident, precisely because each complex emergency is unique and because every situation presents a special kind of learning opportunity. A number of considerations went into these choices.

First, in each of these countries the Bank played a significant role in attempting to assist with post-conflict reconstruction. Second, the countries are diverse in the causes of state failure and collapse, as well as the factors that influenced the initiation or resumption of Bank operations. Third, the case study countries are also diverse in terms of region and phase of Bank assistance. For example, Bosnia and Herzegovina repre-

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