Any intelligent debate on the ethical treatment of animals hinges on understanding their mental processes. The idea that consciousness in animals is beyond comprehension is usually traced to the 17th-century philosopher Rene Descartes whose concept of animals as beast machines lacking consciousness influenced arguments for more than 200 years. But in reviewing Descartes' theory of mind, Daisie and Michael Radner demonstrate in Animal Consciousness that he did not hold the view so frequently attributed to him. In fact, they contend that Descartes distinguished two types of consciousness, which make it easier to discuss the conscious experiences of animals and to trace the debate into the post-Darwinian era.
Related books and articles
Minds of Their Own: Thinking and Awareness in Animals By Lesley J. Rogers Westview Press, 1998
Cognition, Language, and Consciousness: Integrative Levels - Vol. 2 By Gary Greenberg; Ethel Tobach Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1987
Cognition, Language, and Consciousness: Integrative Levels - Vol. 2 By Gary Greenberg; Ethel Tobach Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers, 1987
The Ontological Account of Self-Consciousness in Aristotle and Aquinas By Sanguineti, Juan Jose The Review of Metaphysics, Vol. 67, No. 2, December 2013
Winfield, Richard Dien. the Living Mind: From Psyche to Consciousness By Woody, Melvin The Review of Metaphysics, Vol. 66, No. 2, December 2012
Paroxysms of the Mind: Narration, Consciousness, and the Self in William Godwin's Things as They Are; or, the Adventures of Caleb Williams By Fiumara, James J. PSYART, 2014
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
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The Human Touch: As We Endow Robots with More and More Intelligence, Awareness, and Perception, It's Hard Not to Wonder about the Fine Line between Cognition and Consciousness By Kuzma, Cindy Science & Spirit, Vol. 17, No. 4, July-August 2006
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Animals Are Animals, New Ads Say By Sanders, Carol Winnipeg Free Press, May 17, 2013
Animals and Their Discontents ; at the Zoo, a Behaviorist Tries to Help His Patients, Not to Make Them Human By Halberstadt, Alex International New York Times, July 5, 2014