This third edition of Correctional Institutions explores the past, the present condition, and the potential future of the persistently problem-ridden jails and prisons that are society's last resort (other than the death penalty) in trying to control lawbreakers.
Part One of this book provides an overview of the past and current status of penal servitude. It focuses on the political and economic factors that led to the development of prisons, especially in the United States. It also surveys the major issues and problems in the public administration of correctional systems.
Part Two illuminates, from a predominantly but not exclusively sociological perspective, what life is really like in penal confinement. It shows how criminals adapt to the most difficult consequence of incarceration--that one must live with other criminals. It also depicts the problems of staff in these establishments as well as the relationships between those who are locked up and those in the outside community. It does these things for diverse types of institutions: county jails and state or federal prisons, places for locking up women and places for men, as well as that rather recent development in American penology, co-correctional establishments which confine both men and women.
Part Three deals with the special programs and organizations that are developed as part of prisons or to influence them in efforts to improve their conditions and their effects. These are concerned with the provision of work, with training and therapeutic care for inmates, and with improving inmate and staff relationships.
Part Four describes and evaluates efforts to integrate the institution experience with the postrelease life of the inmates. Because each incarceration usually . . .