The Soviet Union: Facts, Descriptions, Statistics

The Soviet Union: Facts, Descriptions, Statistics

The Soviet Union: Facts, Descriptions, Statistics

The Soviet Union: Facts, Descriptions, Statistics

Excerpt

The Soviet State was founded in the fall of 1917 and celebrated its tenth anniversary on November 7, 1927. Its present form of a Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was inaugurated in July, 1923.

The first decade of the Soviet State is sharply divided into two periods--five years of struggle for existence against the disintegrating forces of civil warfare, foreign invasions, blockade, famine and plague, and five years of solid reconstruction and the shaping of a society in new forms.

The Soviet Government in 1917 assumed power in a country invaded by hostile armies and in almost complete collapse as a result of over three years of war, and of incompetence and corruption among those in authority. By the close of 1921, as a result of invasion, civil war and blockade, agricultural production had fallen to less than half the pre-war average and the industrial production to 15 per cent.

Since that time a complete recovery has been effected. The crops of 1925, 1926, 1927 and 1928 approximated the pre-war average and the industrial production is at this writing substantially above the pre-war level, with monthly increases steadily maintained. There are 50 per cent more children in school than before the war. The pre-war death rate has been reduced by one-third. The rate of recovery and advance has been impeded by the depletion of basic capital during the World War and the civil conflicts. On the other hand the rehabilitation has been effected without the aid of foreign loans.

The merely reconstructive phase is now definitely past. New economic projects on a scale unknown to pre-war Rus-

Author Advanced search

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.