Ecofeminism: Women, Animals, Nature

Ecofeminism: Women, Animals, Nature

Ecofeminism: Women, Animals, Nature

Ecofeminism: Women, Animals, Nature


Drawing on the insights of ecology, feminism, and socialism, ecofeminism's basic premise is that the ideology that authorizes oppression based on race, class, gender, sexuality, physical abilities, and species is the same ideology that sanctions the oppression of nature. In this collection of essays, feminist scholars and activists discuss the relationships among human begins, the natural environment, and nonhuman animals. They reject the nature/culture dualism of patriarchal thought and locate animals and humans within nature. The goal of these twelve articles is to contribute to the evolving dialogue among feminists, ecofeminists, animal liberationists, deep ecologists, and social ecologists in an effort to create a sustainable lifestyle for all inhabitants of the earth.Among the issues addressed are the conflicts between Green politics and ecofeminism, various applications of ecofeminist theory, the relationship of animal liberation to ecofeminism, harmful implications of the romanticized woman-nature association in Western culture, and cultural limitations of ecofeminism. Author note: Greta Gaard is Assistant Professor of Composition and Women's Studies at the University of Minnesota, Duluth.


The text you hold in your hands represents the culmination of an effort that began in 1989 at the annual convention of the National Women's Studies Association. At that time there was no text that provided a theoretical bridge for women working in the related movements of environmentalism, animal liberation, and feminism. Ecofeminism: Women, Animals, Nature is an attempt to build that bridge.

Because a central value of ecofeminism is its plurality of voices, I chose not to write a single-author text, but rather to edit a collection that would present theory as it is lived, in voices both activist and academic. My goal in editing these essays has been to encourage rather than silence the quality of each writer's voice, and to ensure both intellectual rigor and accessibility. Neither the contributors nor I have set as our goal the use of a language available only to a specialized elite; rather, our aim has been to address fairly sophisticated theoretical concepts in plain terms. Addressing both academics and activists requires a delicate balance, but it is imperative, since both types of readers form the movement that is ecofeminism. Ecofeminists strive for inclusivity, in subject matter as well as style of presentation. Because ecoferninism is an interdisciplinary field of inquiry, it needs to use a lingua franca if it is to communicate with all those interested in the struggles on behalf of women, animals, and the earth. Ecofeminism requires us to make connections.

I am deeply grateful to bothSandra Eisdorfer andJane Cullen, editors at the University of North Carolina Press and Temple University Press, respectively, whose continued support has brought this book to completion. For, in the process of editing this book, I have had the good fortune of making connections with the writers and activists whose works are collected here. To them, and to all those working for a healthy planet, this book is dedicated.

Greta Gaard . . .

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed


An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.