Texts of the Peace Conferences at the Hague, 1899 and 1907: With English Translation and Appendix of Related Documents

Texts of the Peace Conferences at the Hague, 1899 and 1907: With English Translation and Appendix of Related Documents

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Texts of the Peace Conferences at the Hague, 1899 and 1907: With English Translation and Appendix of Related Documents

Texts of the Peace Conferences at the Hague, 1899 and 1907: With English Translation and Appendix of Related Documents

Read FREE!

Excerpt

In the letter submitting The Hague Conventions of 1907for consideration by the Senate, the Secretary of State said: --

"Let me go beyond the limits of the customary formal letter of transmittal and say that I think the work of the Second Hague Conference, which is mainly embodied in these Conventions, presents the greatest advance ever made at any single time toward the reasonable and peaceful regulation of international conduct, unless it be the advance made at The Hague Conference of 1899.

"The most valuable result of the Conference of 1899was that it made the work of the Conference of 1907possible. The achievements of the Conferences justify the belief that the world has entered upon an orderly process through which, step by step, in successive Conferences, each taking the work of its predecessor as its point of departure, there may be continual progress toward making the practice of civilized nations conform to their peaceful professions."

The collection of documents in this volume brings into relief a fact which should affect our judgment regarding all of the attempts in recent years to secure international agreement upon matters affecting peace and war; this fact is that each attempt is to be considered, not by itself alone, but as part of a series in which sound proposals may come to general acceptance only by a very gradual process extending through many years. For example, Dr. Francis Lieber's Instructions for the Government of the Army of the United Statesin the Field, prepared for PresidentLincolnand embodied by him in General Order No. 100 of the year 1863, has now developed, after forty-four years, into the universal "Convention regarding the laws and customs of land warfare," signed at the last Hague Conference. The three rules of the Treaty of Washington, agreed upon by the United States and Great Britain, in 1871, are now accepted by the civilized world, in 1907, in The Hague"Convention respecting the rights and duties of neutral powers in naval war. . . ."

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