A Review of the Natural Resources of the African Continent

A Review of the Natural Resources of the African Continent

A Review of the Natural Resources of the African Continent

A Review of the Natural Resources of the African Continent

Excerpt

At the end of its first session, held at Addis Ababa from 29 December 1958 to 6 January 1959, the Economic Commission for Africa reported that it 'considered that there was a great need in Africa for certain types of scientific surveys such as hydrological, geological, geodetic and other surveys of resources including resources for industrialization and sources of energy such as solar energy.' According to this same report, the view was expressed that as part of this work the Secretariat might compile a bibliography of surveys already carried out and draw attention to major gaps'.

At the request of the Executive Secretary of the Commission, Unesco has undertaken a review of the conditions and natural resources of the African continent and Madagascar. In this work an attempt has been made to give all those interested in Africa an overall picture of all existing knowledge in this field. The review is presented in the form of critical studies prepared by experts with a wide knowledge of the African continent, together with bibliographies, maps and lists of institutes, centres and other sources capable of providing additional information.

In its first report, already quoted, the Commission declared that the Executive Secretary should give consideration to the methods by which the countries and territories of Africa might be assisted in carrying out such surveys as they require with international help, and he should consider employing on his staff experts in this field to advise governments at their request from time to time'. In publishing this work which, whilst reviewing current knowledge of conditions and natural resources, brings out the gaps in this field, Unesco hopes to open the way to new fields of research. Scientific research is indeed a basic factor in the economic development of African countries, and every effort should therefore be made to enable it to play its role.

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