Dadaism

Dada

Dada (dä´dä) or Dadaism (dä´däĬzəm), international nihilistic movement among European artists and writers that lasted from 1916 to 1922. Born of the widespread disillusionment engendered by World War I, it originated in Zürich with a 1916 party at the Cabaret Voltaire and the recitation of nonsense poetry by the Romanian Tristan Tzara, also the author of the Dada Manifesto. Dada attacked conventional standards of aesthetics and behavior and stressed absurdity and the role of the unpredictable in artistic creation. In Berlin, Dada had political overtones, exemplified by the caricatures of George Grosz and Otto Dix. The French movement was more literary in emphasis; it centered around Tzara, André Breton, Louis Aragon, Jean Arp, Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia, and Man Ray. The latter three carried the spirit of Dada to New York City. Typical were the elegant collages devised by Arp, Kurt Schwitters, and Max Ernst from refuse and scraps of paper, and Duchamp's celebrated Mona Lisa adorned with a mustache and a goatee as well as his Fountain (1917), a urinal signed "R. Mutt." Dada principles were eventually modified to become the basis of surrealism in 1924. The literary manifestations of Dada were mostly nonsense poems—meaningless random combinations of words—which were read in public.

See R. Short, Dada and Surrealism (1980); S. C. Foster, ed., Dada-Dimensions (1985); H. Richter, Dada: Art and Anti-Art (1985); R. Motherwell, ed., The Dada Painters and Poets (1951, 2d ed. 1989); A. Codrescu, The Posthuman Dada Guide (2009); J. Rasula, Destruction Was My Beatrice (2015).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Dadaism: Selected full-text books and articles

Dada and Surrealism: A Very Short Introduction By David Hopkins Oxford University Press, 2004
A Concise History of Modern Painting By Herbert Read Frederick A. Praeger, 1959
The Avant-Garde Frontier: Russia Meets the West, 1910-1930 By Gail Harrison Roman; Virginia Hagelstein Marquardt University Press of Florida, 1992
Art Is Dead to Dada By Bell, Fraser Queen's Quarterly, Vol. 113, No. 4, Winter 2006
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Dada Market: An Anthology of Poetry By Willard Bohn Southern Illinois University Press, 1993
PRIMARY SOURCE
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Between "Critique" and Propaganda: The Critical Self-Understanding of Art in the Historical Avant-Garde. the Case of Dada By Maftei, Stefan-Sebastian Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies, Vol. 9, No. 27, Winter 2010
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Exile's Return: A Literary Odyssey of the 1920s By Malcolm Cowley; Donald W. Faulkner Penguin Books, 1994
Librarian's tip: Chap. 5 "The Death of Dada"
The Waste Land, Liminoid Phenomena, and the Confluence of Dada By Tucker, Shawn R Mosaic (Winnipeg), Vol. 34, No. 3, September 2001
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Dadaism and the Peace Differend By Richmond, Oliver P Alternatives: Global, Local, Political, Vol. 32, No. 4, October-December 2007
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
A Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Art By Ian Chilvers Oxford University Press, 1999
Librarian's tip: "Dada" begins on p. 154
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