fauvism (fō´vĬzəm) [Fr. fauve=wild beast], name derisively hurled at and cheerfully adopted by a group of French painters, including Matisse, Rouault, Derain, Vlaminck, Friesz, Marquet, van Dongen, Braque, and Dufy. Although fauvism was a short-lived movement (1905–8), its influence was international and basic to the evolution of 20th-century art. It was essentially an expressionist style, characterized by bold distortion of forms and exuberant color. Only Matisse continued to explore its possibilities after 1908. Most of the others contributed to the development of new styles, such as cubism, which immediately followed the fauvist movement.

See J. P. Crespelle, The Fauves (tr. 1962); J. É. Muller, Fauvism (1967); S. Whitfield, Fauvism (1990).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Fauvism: Selected full-text books and articles

The Fauves By Jean-Paul Crespelle New York Graphic Society, 1962
Fauvism: Biographical and Critical Study By Jean Leymarie; James Emmons Skira, 1959
Matisse: A Portrait of the Artist and the Man By Raymond Escholier; Geraldine Colvile; H. M. Colvile Frederick A. Praeger, 1960
Henri Matisse: A Bio-Bibliography By Russell T. Clement Greenwood Press, 1993
Vlaminck By Klaus G. Perls; André Gloeckner Harper and Brothers, 1941
Derain By Malcolm Vaughan; André Gloeckner The Hyperion Press, 1941
Rouault, Biographical and Critical Study By Lionello Venturi; James Emmons Skira, 1959
Dufy: Biographical and Critical Studies By Albert Skira; Jacques Lassaigne Skira, 1954
Historical Dictionary of the Third French Republic, 1870-1940 By Patrick H. Hutton; Amanda S. Bourque; Amy J. Staples Greenwood Press, vol.1, 1986
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Fauvism begins on p. 50
A Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Art By Ian Chilvers Oxford University Press, 1999
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Fauvism begins on p. 205
A Dictionary of Modern Painting By Carlton Lake; Robert Maillard Tudor Publishing, 1956
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Fauvism begins on p. 99
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