fauvism (fō´vĬzəm) [Fr. fauve=wild beast], name derisively hurled at and cheerfully adopted by a group of French painters, including Matisse, Rouault, Derain, Vlaminck, Friesz, Marquet, van Dongen, Braque, and Dufy. Although fauvism was a short-lived movement (1905–8), its influence was international and basic to the evolution of 20th-century art. It was essentially an expressionist style, characterized by bold distortion of forms and exuberant color. Only Matisse continued to explore its possibilities after 1908. Most of the others contributed to the development of new styles, such as cubism, which immediately followed the fauvist movement.

See J. P. Crespelle, The Fauves (tr. 1962); J. É. Muller, Fauvism (1967); S. Whitfield, Fauvism (1990).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Fauvism: Selected full-text books and articles

The Fauves
Jean-Paul Crespelle.
New York Graphic Society, 1962
Fauvism: Biographical and Critical Study
Jean Leymarie; James Emmons.
Skira, 1959
Matisse: A Portrait of the Artist and the Man
Raymond Escholier; Geraldine Colvile; H. M. Colvile.
Frederick A. Praeger, 1960
Henri Matisse: A Bio-Bibliography
Russell T. Clement.
Greenwood Press, 1993
Klaus G. Perls; André Gloeckner.
Harper & Brothers, 1941
Malcolm Vaughan; André Gloeckner.
The Hyperion Press, 1941
Rouault, Biographical and Critical Study
Lionello Venturi; James Emmons.
Skira, 1959
Dufy: Biographical and Critical Studies
Albert Skira; Jacques Lassaigne.
Skira, 1954
Historical Dictionary of the Third French Republic, 1870-1940
Patrick H. Hutton; Amanda S. Bourque; Amy J. Staples.
Greenwood Press, vol.1, 1986
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Fauvism begins on p. 50
A Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Art
Ian Chilvers.
Oxford University Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Fauvism begins on p. 205
A Dictionary of Modern Painting
Carlton Lake; Robert Maillard.
Tudor Publishing, 1956
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Fauvism begins on p. 99
Gateway to the Twentieth Century: Art and Culture in a Changing World
Jean Cassou; Emil Langui; Nikolaus Pevsner.
McGraw-Hill, 1962
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Fauvism begins on p. 59
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