Edward Hopper

Edward Hopper, 1882–1967, American painter and engraver, b. Nyack, N.Y., studied in New York City with Robert Henri. Hopper lived in France for a year but was little influenced by the artistic currents there. His early paintings had slight success; he gained a reputation, however, through his etchings, which remain popular. The first one-man show of his paintings was held in 1920. Hopper excelled in creating realistic pictures of clear-cut, sunlit streets and houses, often without figures. In his paintings there is a frequent atmosphere of loneliness, an almost menacing starkness, and a clear sense of time of day or night. His work in oil and watercolor is slowly and carefully painted, with light and shade used for pattern rather than for modeling. Hopper is represented in many leading American museums. Early Sunday Morning (1930; Whitney Museum, N.Y.C.) and Nighthawks (1942; Art Institute of Chicago) are characteristic oils.

See catalog raisonné ed. by G. Levin (1995); catalog by L. Goodrich (1971); biographies by R. Hobbs (1987) and G. Levin (1995, repr. 2007); studies by L. Goodrich (1971), G. Levin (1981, repr. 1986), S. Wagstaff et al. (2004), C. Troyen et al. (2007), and O. Westheider and M. Philipp, ed. (2d ed., 2011).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Edward Hopper: Selected full-text books and articles

Edward Hopper: Retrospective Exhibition, November 1-December 7, 1933
Alfred Hamilton Barr.
The Museum of Modern Art, 1933
Poesie Critique as "Poetics of Space": Edward Hopper and Claude Esteban
Williams, Adelia V.
Mosaic (Winnipeg), Vol. 31, No. 4, December 1998
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Twilight Zone of Experience Uncannily Shared by Mark Strand and Edward Hopper
Kardokas, Laima.
Mosaic (Winnipeg), Vol. 38, No. 2, June 2005
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
New Art in America: Fifty Painters of the 20th Century
John I. H. Baur.
New York Graphic Society, 1957
Librarian’s tip: "Edward Hopper" begins on p. 144
Random Harvest
James Thomas Flexner.
Fordham University Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: "My Friendship with Edward Hopper" begins on p. 316
Another Side of Hopper
Goode, Stephen.
Insight on the News, Vol. 15, No. 43, November 22, 1999
A Concise History of American Painting and Sculpture
Matthew Baigell.
Icon Editions, 1996 (Revised edition)
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Edward Hopper begins on p. 253
A Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Art
Ian Chilvers.
Oxford University Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Edward Hopper begins on p. 287
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