Fernand Leger

Léger, Fernand

Fernand Léger (fĕrnäN´ lāzhā´), 1881–1955, French painter. Léger first studied architecture, then he began to paint, studying briefly at the École des Beaux-Arts. He became known for his cubist paintings in 1910, and a modified cubism is apparent in much of his subsequent work. In works such as The City (1919; Phila. Mus. of Art), Léger celebrated the machine in a naive, energetic style characterized by flat tones of pure color, black, white, and gray. He taught painting in Paris and New York City. Two of his mural designs were executed by a pupil at the United Nations, New York. Several of his paintings are in the Museum of Modern Art, New York City.

See studies by K. Kuh (1953), R. L. Delevoy (tr. 1962), and J. Casson and J. Leymarie (1974).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Fernand Leger: Selected full-text books and articles

Leger: Biographical and Critical Study By Robert L. Delevoy; Stuart Gilbert Skira, 1962
Fernand Leger: Five Themes and Variations By Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, 1962
Leger's Modernism By Kramer, Hilton New Criterion, Vol. 16, No. 7, March 1998
Cubism and Twentieth-Century Art By Robert Rosenblum Harry N. Abrams, 1966 (Revised edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. V "Leger and Purism"
Cubism: A History and an Analysis, 1907-1944 By John Golding Faber and Faber, 1959
Librarian’s tip: Chap. IV "The Influence of Cubism in France, 1910-14"
Fernand Leger By Danto, Arthur Coleman The Nation, Vol. 266, No. 14, April 20, 1998
Fernand Leger By Shone, Richard Artforum International, Vol. 36, No. 3, November 1997
The Cubist Painters: Aesthetic Meditations, 1913 By Guillaume Apollinaire; Lionel Abel Wittenborn Schultz, 1949 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: "Leger" begins on p. 43
Fernand Leger: Painter of the Modern City By Jared, Amy School Arts, Vol. 96, No. 9, May-June 1997
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