Georges Braque

Georges Braque (zhôrzh bräk), 1882–1963, French painter. He joined the artists involved in developing fauvism in 1905, and at l'Estaque c.1909 he was profoundly influenced by Cézanne. He met Picasso, and the two simultaneously explored form and structure with results that led to the development of cubism. In works such as the monumental Nude (1907–8; Cuttoli Coll., Paris) Braque exemplified the analytical phase of the movement with his keen sense of structure and orderly method of decomposing an object. In 1911 he introduced typographical letters into his canvases and soon began working in collage. After World War I, in which he was badly wounded, Braque veered away from the angularity of early cubism and developed a more graceful, curvilinear style, predominantly painting still life. His works showed restraint and subtlety both in design and color (e.g., The Table, Pulitzer Coll., St. Louis). Braque is represented in leading galleries in Europe and the United States.

See his notebooks (tr. 1971); studies by W. Hofmann (1961), E. B. Mullins (1969), and F. Ponge et al. (tr. 1971).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Georges Braque: Selected full-text books and articles

Braque By Georges Braque Tudor Pub. Co., 1946
Cahier de Georges Braque, 1917-1947 By Georges Braque; Bernard Frechtman C. Valentin, 1948
Georges Braque: His Graphic Work: His Graphic Work By Georges Barque; Werner Hofmann H. N. Abrams, 1961
Cubism: A History and an Analysis, 1907-1944 By John Golding Faber and Faber, 1959
Librarian’s tip: Chap. II "Picasso and Braque, 1907-1912" and Chap. III "Picasso, Braque, and Gris, 1912-1914"
Braque, Picasso and Early Cubism By Danto, Arthur Coleman The Nation, Vol. 249, No. 15, November 6, 1989
Picasso: Life and Art By Pierre Daix; Olivia Emmet Icon Editions, 1993
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 8 "The Cordee with Braque (1907-1908)"
The Art of Assemblage By William C. Seitz Museum of Modern Art, 1961
Librarian’s tip: "Picasso, Braque, and Gris" begins on p. 22
Cubism and Twentieth-Century Art By Robert Rosenblum Harry N. Abrams, 1966 (Revised edition)
Librarian’s tip: Part One "The Foundation of Cubism"
Eyewitness: Reports from an Art World in Crisis By Jed Perl Basic Books, 2000
Librarian’s tip: "Latest and Greatest" begins on p. 242
The Cubist Painters: Aesthetic Meditations, 1913 By Guillaume Apollinaire; Lionel Abel Wittenborn Schultz, 1949 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: "Braque" begins on p. 24
Painting in Paris, from American Collections: January 19 to February 16, 1930 By Museum Of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.) Plandome press, inc.,, 1930
Librarian’s tip: "Georges Braque" begins on p. 20
The Fauves By Jean-Paul Crespelle New York Graphic Society, 1962
A Dictionary of Modern Painting By Carlton Lake; Robert Maillard Tudor Publishing, 1956
Librarian’s tip: "Braque, Georges" begins on p. 35
Einstein, Picasso: Space, Time and the Beauty That Causes Havoc By Arthur I. Miller Basic Books, 2001
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Braque and Picasso Explore Space"
Georges Braque By Danto, Arthur Coleman The Nation, Vol. 247, No. 5, August 27, 1988
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