Giorgio de Chirico

Chirico, Giorgio de

Giorgio de Chirico (jōr´jō dā kē´rēkō), 1888–1978, Italian painter, b. Vólos, Greece. Chirico developed his enigmatic vision in Munich and Italy and from 1911 to 1915 he worked and exhibited in Paris. His powerful, disturbing paintings employ steep perspective, mannequin figures, empty space, and forms used out of context to create an atmosphere of mystery and loneliness. His work exercised a considerable influence on early surrealist painters but was never successfully imitated. In Ferrara, Chirico developed what he termed metaphysical painting, in which he consciously exploited the symbolism of his art. Chirico is represented in leading galleries throughout the world.

See his memoirs (tr. 1972); studies by J. T. Soby (1955, repr. 1967) and I. Far (tr. 1971).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Giorgio de Chirico: Selected full-text books and articles

Giorgio de Chirico
James Thrall Soby.
The Museum of Modern Art, 1955
On Modern American Art: Selected Essays
Robert Rosenblum.
Harry N. Abrams Publishers, 1999
Librarian’s tip: "De Chirico's Long American Shadow" begins on p. 42
Modern Italian Painting: From Futurism to the Present Day
Guido Ballo.
Frederick A. Praeger, 1958
Librarian’s tip: "Metaphysical Painting" begins on p. 38
Masters of Modern Art
Alfred H. Barr Jr.
Simon and Schuster, 1954
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Giorgio de Chirico begins on p. 128
A Concise History of Modern Painting
Herbert Read.
Frederick A. Praeger, 1959
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Four "Futurism, Dada, Surrealism"
A Dictionary of Modern Painting
Carlton Lake; Robert Maillard.
Tudor Publishing, 1956
Librarian’s tip: "Chirico, Giorgio de" begins on p. 59
The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists
Ian Chilvers.
Oxford University Press, 1996 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: "Chirico, Giorgio de ( 1888-1978)" begins on p. 104
Twentieth Century Painters: From Cubism to Abstract Art
Bernard Dorival; Arnold Rosin.
Universe Books, 1958
Librarian’s tip: "Painters of the Fantastic from Chagall to Surrealism" begins on p. 53
A Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Art
Ian Chilvers.
Oxford University Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: "Chirico, Giorgio de (1888-1978)" begins on p. 123
Bare Beauty: Ned Denny Admires the Loneliness and Silence of De Chirico's Most Solitary Figure. (Art)
Denny, Ned.
New Statesman (1996), Vol. 132, No. 4623, February 3, 2003
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