Jose Clemente Orozco

Orozco, José Clemente

José Clemente Orozco (hōsā´ klāmān´tā ōrō´skō), 1883–1949, Mexican muralist, genre painter, and lithographer, grad. Mexican National Agricultural School. He became an architectural draftsman and in 1908 turned to painting. With Diego Rivera he led the renaissance of modern Mexican art. Orozco's work is bold in execution, often brilliant in color, and deals compassionately with social themes, especially human versus machine. From 1917 to 1919 and from 1927 to 1934, Orozco was in the United States. Much of his work is true fresco painting, executed directly on wet plaster, such as his 1930 mural Mankind's Struggle at New School Univ., New York City. His work in the United States also includes Prometheus (Frary Hall, Pomona College, Calif.) and Epic of Culture in the New World (Baker Library, Dartmouth College). There are also several fine murals in Mexico, such as those at the Palace of Fine Arts in Mexico City and at Guadalajara in the university, governor's palace, and cultural institute.

See catalog by J. Hopkins (1967); autobiography (tr. 1962); M. Helm, Man of Fire (1953, repr. 1971).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Jose Clemente Orozco: Selected full-text books and articles

Orozco By Alma Reed Oxford University Press, 1956
The Orozco Frescoes at Dartmouth By J. C. Orosco; Albert Dickerson Dartmouth College Publications, 1934
Legends of the Plumed Serpent: Biography of a Mexican God By Neil Baldwin PublicAffairs, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Chap. XXI "Orozco, Siquieros, and Tamayo"
Modern Mexican Art By Laurence E. Schmeckebier University of Minnesota Press, 1939
Librarian’s tip: "Jose Clemente Orozco" begins on p. 52
Idols behind Altars By Anita Brenner Biblo and Tannen, 1967
45 Contemporary Mexican Artists: A Twentieth-Century Renaissance By Virginia Stewart Stanford University Press, 1951
Librarian’s tip: "Jose Clemente Orozco" begins on p. 16
Encyclopedia of Mexico: History, Society & Culture By Michael S. Werner Fitzroy Dearborn, vol.2, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Jose Clemente Orozco begins on p. 1035
A Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Art By Ian Chilvers Oxford University Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Jose Clemente Orozco begins on p. 458
Orozco's U.S. Odyssey By Wyels, Joyce Gregory Americas (English Edition), Vol. 54, No. 2, March-April 2002
Shining On: Orozco's "Epic of American Civilization" By Harris, Patricia Roberts; Lyon, David Americas (English Edition), Vol. 42, No. 1, January-February 1990
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