Marcel Duchamp

Marcel Duchamp (märsĕl´ düshäN´), 1887–1968, French painter, brother of Raymond Duchamp-Villon and half-brother of Jacques Villon. Duchamp is noted for his cubist-futurist painting Nude Descending a Staircase, depicting continuous action with a series of overlapping figures; it was the cause of great controversy when exhibited in 1913 at the New York Armory Show. Duchamp invented ready-mades—commonplace objects—e.g., the urinal entitled Fountain, which he exhibited as works of art. In 1915 he was a co-founder of a Dada group in New York. After 1920, Duchamp produced a series of elaborate nonfunctional machines. He emigrated to the United States in 1942. Many of his works, including the celebrated symbolic construction The Bride stripped bare by her Bachelors, even (1915–23), are at the Philadelphia Mus. of Art.

See M. Sanouillet and E. Peterson, ed., The Writings of Marcel Duchamp (1989); P. Cabanne, Dialogues with Marcel Duchamp (1978, repr. 1987) and C. Tomkins, The Afternoon Interviews (2013); catalog with study ed. by A. D'Harnoncourt and K. McShine (1973); biography by C. Tomkins (1996, repr. 2013); J. Masheck, Marcel Duchamp in Perspective (1973, repr. 2002); R. E. Kuenzli and F. M. Naumann, ed., Marcel Duchamp: Artist of the Century (1989); P. Hulten, ed., Marcel Duchamp: Work and Life (1993); J. Mink, Duchamp: 1887–1968: Art as Anti-Art (tr. 2000); H. Molderings, Duchamp and the Aesthetics of Chance (2010).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Marcel Duchamp: Selected full-text books and articles

Marcel Duchamp's Art and the Geography of Modern Paris By Housefield, James The Geographical Review, Vol. 92, No. 4, October 2002
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
A Fountain, a Spontaneous Combustion, and the Mona Lisa: Duchamp's Symbolism in Dickens and Pater By Loesberg, Jonathan Studies in the Literary Imagination, Vol. 35, No. 2, Fall 2002
Modern Art USA: Men, Rebellion, Conquest, 1900-1956 By Rudi Blesh Alfred A. Knopf, 1956
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Marcel Duchamp in multiple chapters
A Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Art By Ian Chilvers Oxford University Press, 1999
Librarian's tip: "Duchamp, Marcel (1887-1968)" begins on p. 183
Signs and Designs: Art and Architecture in the Work of Michel Butor By Jean H. Duffy Liverpool University Press, 2003
Librarian's tip: Chap. 1 "Unfulfilled, Incomplete and Indefinitely Deferred: Desire and Art in Butor and Duchamp"
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