body language

body language, nonverbal communication by means of facial expessions, eye behavior, gestures, posture, and the like. Body language expresses emotions, feelings, and attitudes, sometimes even contradicting the messages conveyed by spoken language. Some nonverbal expressions are understood by people in all cultures; other expressions are particular to specific cultures. Kinesics, the scientific study of body language, was pioneered by the anthropologist Ray L. Birdwhistell, who wrote Introduction to Kinesics (1952).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Gestures: Selected full-text books and articles

The Biological Foundations of Gestures: Motor and Semiotic Aspects By Jean-Luc Nespoulous; Paul Perron; André Roch Lecours Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1986
Language, Gesture, and Space By Judy S. Reilly; Karen Emmorey Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1995
The Effect of Gesture on Speech Production and Comprehension By Driskell, James E.; Radtke, Paul H Human Factors, Vol. 45, No. 3, Fall 2003
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Communicating: The Multiple Modes of Human Interconnection By Ruth Finnegan Routledge, 2002
Librarian's tip: "Movement, Gestures and 'Sign Languages'" begins on p. 10
Explorations in Nonverbal and Vocal Behavior By George F. Mahl Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1987
Librarian's tip: Chap. 2 "Gestures and Body Movements in Interviews"
Pointing: Where Language, Culture, and Cognition Meet By Sotaro Kita Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2003
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