body language

body language, nonverbal communication by means of facial expessions, eye behavior, gestures, posture, and the like. Body language expresses emotions, feelings, and attitudes, sometimes even contradicting the messages conveyed by spoken language. Some nonverbal expressions are understood by people in all cultures; other expressions are particular to specific cultures. Kinesics, the scientific study of body language, was pioneered by the anthropologist Ray L. Birdwhistell, who wrote Introduction to Kinesics (1952).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Gestures: Selected full-text books and articles

The Biological Foundations of Gestures: Motor and Semiotic Aspects
Jean-Luc Nespoulous; Paul Perron; André Roch Lecours.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1986
Language, Gesture, and Space
Karen Emmorey; Judy S. Reilly.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1995
The Effect of Gesture on Speech Production and Comprehension
Driskell, James E.; Radtke, Paul H.
Human Factors, Vol. 45, No. 3, Fall 2003
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Communicating: The Multiple Modes of Human Interconnection
Ruth Finnegan.
Routledge, 2002
Librarian’s tip: "Movement, Gestures and 'Sign Languages'" begins on p. 10
Explorations in Nonverbal and Vocal Behavior
George F. Mahl.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1987
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Gestures and Body Movements in Interviews"
Visible Thought: The New Psychology of Body Language
Geoffrey Beattie.
Routledge, 2003
Pointing: Where Language, Culture, and Cognition Meet
Sotaro Kita.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2003
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