Ernie Pyle

Ernie Pyle (Ernest Taylor Pyle), 1900–1945, American journalist, b. Dana, Ind. After working (1923–32) as a reporter, an editor, and an aviation writer, he became managing editor of the Washington Daily News. In 1935 he began writing a column syndicated by the Scripps-Howard chain to about 200 newspapers. Pyle captured America's affection by writing about the lives and hopes of typical citizens. During World War II he served as a war correspondent in Europe, N Africa, and the Pacific. He became the most popular of all correspondents, writing about the experiences of enlisted men rather than about battles or the exploits of officers. He was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for distinguished correspondence in 1944, and the next year he was killed by Japanese machine gun fire on Ie Shima. His columns were reprinted in Ernie Pyle in England (1941), Here Is Your War (1943), Brave Men (1944), Last Chapter (published posthumously, 1946), and Home Country (prewar writing published posthumously, 1947).

See biographies by L. G. Miller (1950) and J. E. Tobin (1997); D. Nichols, ed., Ernie's War (1987).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Ernie Pyle: Selected full-text books and articles

The Story of Ernie Pyle By Lee G. Miller Viking Press, 1950
The Columnists By Charles Fisher Howell, Soskin, 1944
Librarian’s tip: "Ernie of the Warm Heart" begins on p. 296
The American Reader, from Columbus to Today: By Paul M. Angle Rand McNally, 1958
Librarian’s tip: "1944 - We Take the Normandy Beaches" by Ernie Pyle begins on p. 611
The Pulitzer Prize Story: News Stories, Editorials, Cartoons, and Pictures from the Pulitzer Prize Collection at Columbia University By John Hohenberg Columbia University Press, 1959
Librarian’s tip: "Ernie Pyle Covers the Normandy Breakthrough" begins on p. 157
Biographical Dictionary of American Newspaper Columnists By Sam G. Riley Greenwood Press, 1995
Librarian’s tip: "Pyle, Ernest Taylor (3 Aug. 1900-18 April 1945)" begins on p. 256
Okinawa: the Last Battle By Roy E. Appleman; James M. Burns; Russell A. Gugeler; John Stevens Historical Division, Dept. of the Army, 1948
Librarian’s tip: "Stalemate at Bloody Ridge, 18-19 April" begins on p. 163
The Other Side of Ernie Pyle. (Spicy Letters) By Hayden, Maureen American Journalism Review, Vol. 25, No. 3, April 2003
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