Roland Barthes

Roland Barthes (rôläN´ bärt), 1915–80, French critic. Barthes was one of the founding figures in the theoretical movement centered around the journal Tel Quel. In his earlier works, such as Writing Degree Zero (tr. 1953) and Mythologies (1957, tr. 1972), he argued that literature, like all forms of communication, is essentially a system of signs. As such, he argued that it encodes various ideologies or "myths," to be decoded in terms of its own organizing principles or internal structures. He was strongly influenced by the linguist Ferdinand de Saussure, and his ideas, as expressed in works such as S/Z (1970, tr. 1974) and Empire of Signs (1970, tr. 1982), became more eclectic. Barthes has had an enormous influence on American literary theory.

See studies by J. Culler (1983), P. Lombardo (1989), and M. B. Wiseman (1989).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Roland Barthes: Selected full-text books and articles

Barthes: A Very Short Introduction
Jonathan Culler.
Oxford University Press, 2002
Roland Barthes
Graham Allen.
Routledge, 2003
Roland Barthes on Photography: The Critical Tradition in Perspective
Nancy M. Shawcross.
University Press of Florida, 1997
Barthes and Utopia: Space, Travel, Writing
Diana Knight.
Clarendon Press, 1997
Roland Barthes: Against Language
Michels, James.
ETC.: A Review of General Semantics, Vol. 52, No. 2, Summer 1995
The Death and Return of the Author: Criticism and Subjectivity in Barthes, Foucault and Derrida
SeÁn Burke.
Edinburgh University Press, 1998
The Subject of Semiotics
Kaja Silverman.
Oxford University Press, 1984
Librarian’s tip: "Roland Barthes" begins on p. 25
The Ghosts of Modernity
Jean-Michel Rebaté.
University Press of Florida, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Roland Barthes, Ghostwriter of Modernity"
Modern Criticism and Theory: A Reader
David Lodge; Nigel Wood.
Pearson, 2000 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 8 "Roland Barthes"
Ideology and Art: Theories of Mass Culture from Walter Benjamin to Umberto Eco
Robin Ridless.
Peter Lang, 1984
Librarian’s tip: Chap. V "Roland Barthes: The Unculture of Ideology"
Twentieth-Century Rhetorics and Rhetoricians: Critical Studies and Sources
Michael G. Moran; Michelle Ballif.
Greenwood Press, 2000
Librarian’s tip: "Roland Gerard Barthes (1915-1980)" begins on p. 23
The French Critic, 1549-1967
Wallace Fowlie.
Southern Illinois University Press, 1968
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 9 "Structuralism: From Barthes to Levi-Strauss"
Rousseau's Legacy: Emergence and Eclipse of the Writer in France
Dennis Porter.
Oxford University Press, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "The Cultural Twilight of Roland Barthes"
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