Clint Eastwood

Clint Eastwood (Clinton Eastwood, Jr.), 1930–, American actor and director, b. San Francisco. Eastwood, who began his acting career in 1955, came to public attention in the TV Western Rawhide and in so-called spaghetti Westerns (usually filmed in Italy), such as A Fistful of Dollars (1964) and The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly (1966). As an actor, Eastwood is best known for portraying strong, silent, often violent heroes in action films. He has starred in more than 40 movies, including Dirty Harry (1972), Magnum Force (1973), The Outlaw Josie Wales (1976), and In the Line of Fire (1993). Films in which he is both director and star include Play Misty for Me (1971), Sudden Impact (1983), the Academy Award–winning Unforgiven (1992), The Bridges of Madison County (1995), True Crime (1999), Blood Work (2002), and Gran Torino (2008). Eastwood scored a critical and box-office success as director of Mystic River (2003), a haunting cinematic parable of violence and revenge. The following year he directed and starred in Million Dollar Baby, the saga of a young female boxer and her grizzled trainer, which garnered Academy Awards for best director and picture. He also directed Flags of Our Fathers and Letters from Iwo Jima (both: 2006), which explore the battle for Iwo Jima and its echoes from the American and Japanese perspectives, respectively. He subsequently directed the somber drama Changeling (2008), explored the possibility of an afterlife and of communicating with the dead in the contemplative Hereafter (2010), examined the public and private J. Edgar Hoover in J. Edgar (2011), and recounted effects of the war in Iraq on a Navy SEAL and his family in American Sniper (2014). A gifted musician who has written scores for a number of his films, he also served as mayor of Carmel, Calif., from 1986 to 1988.

See Clint Eastwood: Interviews (1999), ed. by K. Coblentz; biographies by J. Ryder (1987), B. McCabe (1996), and R. Schickel (1996); studies by L. Pfeiffer and B. Zmijewsky (rev. ed. 1988) and P. Smith (1993).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2017, The Columbia University Press.

Clint Eastwood: Selected full-text books and articles

The Philosophy of the Western By Jennifer L. McMahon; B.Steve Csaki University Press of Kentucky, 2010
The Philosophy of Clint Eastwood By Richard T. McClelland; Brian B. Clayton University Press of Kentucky, 2014
Gran Torino: Clint Eastwood as Fallen Saviour By Beard, William CineAction, No. 85, Winter 2011
"It's a Hell of a Thing to Kill a Man": Western Manhood in Clint Eastwood's Unforgiven By Motley, Clay Americana : The Journal of American Popular Culture, 1900 to Present; Hollywood, Vol. 3, No. 1, Spring 2004
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Play Misty for Me (1971): The Perversion of Love By McGinley, Eileen; Sabbadini, Andrea International Journal of Psychoanalysis, Vol. 87, No. 2, April 2006
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Tender Pugilist: Clint Eastwood's Million Dollar Baby By Yacowar, Maurice Queen's Quarterly, Vol. 112, No. 1, Spring 2005
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Bigger Than Blockbusters: Movies That Defined America By James Roman Greenwood Press, 2009
Librarian's tip: includes information on "Letters from Iwo Jima (2006)," "Million Dollar Baby (2004)," "The Outlaw Josey Wales (1976)" and "Unforgiven (1992)"
Clint Eastwood: Small-Town Mayor By Roessing, Walter The Saturday Evening Post, Vol. 259, September 1987
Hollywood's Introspective Icon By Hoskin, Peter The Spectator, May 29, 2010
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