Television and Education

audiovisual education

audiovisual education, educational instruction by means of materials that use the senses of sight and hearing to stimulate and enrich learning experiences. The successful use of motion pictures and other visual aids in the U.S. armed forces during World War II demonstrated the effectiveness of this medium as a tool of instruction. The use of audiovisual materials—formerly confined to maps, graphs, textbook illustrations, and museum and field trips—now includes all the developments of the photographic and film industries as well as radio, sound and videotape recordings, computers, and television.

The field of programmed instruction employs computers and other types of audiovisual teaching machines. Many local school systems in the United States have their own film and videocassette libraries that are often supplemented by films and other media rented from universities and government offices. Business, industry, and government also use audiovisual materials for training and informational purposes.

The growth of educational television and multimedia computer programs has greatly expanded the concept of audiovisual education. In 1952 the Federal Communications Commission reserved the first channels for public educational purposes. The Public Broadcasting Act (1967) set up the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, an independent agency responsible for the distribution and support of educational television programs. With the development of closed-circuit and cable television systems, students were able to receive more specialized programming. The advent of multimedia computer programs made learning even more individualized, as students gained the ability to participate in the creation of their own materials and learning programs.

Bibliography

See D. Hawkridge, New Information Technology in Education (1983); R. Simpson, Effective Audio-Visuals (1987); R. Richards, Classroom Visual Activities (1988); Bowker's Complete Directory of Audio and Video Sources for Children and Young Adults (1990).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Television and Education: Selected full-text books and articles

English Teaching and the Moving Image By Andrew Goodwyn RoutledgeFalmer, 2004
Myths of Interactive Television Distance Learning By Harvey, Rhonda L.; De Vore, Jack B Academic Exchange Quarterly, Vol. 4, No. 3, Fall 2000
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Entertainment-Education and Social Change: History, Research, and Practice By Arvind Singhal; Michael J. Cody; Everett M. Rogers; Miguel Sabido Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2004
Television Viewing and Academic Achievement Revisited By Thompson, Franklin T.; Austin, William P Education, Vol. 124, No. 1, Fall 2003
Television and Child Development By Judith Van Evra Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2004 (3rd edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "Language, Reading, and Academic Achievement"
Teaching Health Literacy Using Popular Television Programming: A Qualitative Pilot Study By Primack, Brian A.; Wickett, Dustin J.; Kraemer, Kevin L.; Zickmund, Susan American Journal of Health Education, Vol. 41, No. 3, May-June 2010
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Entertainment-Education: A Communication Strategy for Social Change By Arvind Singhal; Everett M. Rogers Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1999
Interaction of Media, Cognition, and Learning By Gavriel Salomon Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1994
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Seven "Effects of 'Sesame Street' on Television-Naive Children"
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