Isocrates (īsŏk´rətēz), 436–338 BC, one of the Ten Attic Orators. He was a pupil of Socrates and of the Sophists. Perhaps the greatest teacher in Greek history, he taught every younger orator of his time. He did not deliver his speeches, but either wrote for litigants (six such speeches survive) or wrote discourses to be read (15 of which remain) dealing mainly with politics and education. Panegyricus (in which he urges Hellenic unity against Persia) is his most celebrated oration. Isocrates committed suicide (according to tradition) after the defeat of Athens by Philip II of Macedon at Chaeronea.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Isocrates: Selected full-text books and articles

Isocrates; George Norlin.
William Heinemann, vol.1, 1928
The Rise of Rhetoric and Its Intersections with Contemporary Critical Thought
Omar Swartz.
Westview Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Isocrates"
Greek Oratory: Tradition and Originality
Stephen A. Usher.
Oxford University, 1999
Librarian’s tip: "Isocrates Logographos" begins on p. 118 and Chap. 9 "Isocrates Sophistes"
The Epistemic Music of Rhetoric: Toward the Temporal Dimension of Affect in Reader Response and Writing
Steven B. Katz.
Southern Illinois University Press, 1996
Librarian’s tip: "Isocrates: The Sophistic Connection" begins on p. 95
Orality and Literacy in Hellenic Greece
Tony M. Lentz.
Southern Illinois University Press, 1989
A New History of Classical Rhetoric
George A. Kennedy.
Princeton University Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: "Isocrates" begins on p. 43 and Chap. 4 "The Attic Orators"
The Contemporary Reception of Classical Rhetoric: Appropriations of Ancient Discourse
Kathleen E. Welch.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1990
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Appropriating Competing Systems of Classical Greek Rhetoric: Considering Isocrates and Gorgias with Plato in the New Rhetoric of the Fourth Century B.C."
Epochs of Greek and Roman Biography
Duane Reed Stuart.
University of California Press, 1928
Librarian’s tip: Chap. IV "A Question of Priority: The Pretensions of Isocrates"
Byzantine Studies and Other Essays
Norman H. Baynes.
Athlone Press, 1955
Librarian’s tip: Chap. VIII "Isocrates"
Political Interpretations in Greek Literature
T. B. L. Webster.
Manchester University Press, 1948
Librarian’s tip: Chap. IX "Isocrates and Demosthenes"
Theopompus of Chios: History and Rhetoric in the Fourth Century BC
Michael Attyah Flower.
Clarendon Press, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Theopompus, Isocrates, and the Myth of Rhetorical History"
The Shadow of Sparta
Anton Powell; Stephen Hodkinson.
Routledge, 1994
Librarian’s tip: Chap. VII "Images of Sparta: Writer and Audience in Isocrates¿ Panathenaicus"
Rhetoric, the Polis, and the Global Village: Selected Papers from the 1998 Thirtieth Anniversary Rhetoric Society of America Conference
C. Jan Swearingen; Dave Pruett.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1999
Librarian’s tip: "Orality, Literacy, and Isocrates' Political Aesthetics" begins on p. 83
A History of Greek Political Thought
T. A. Sinclair.
Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1952
Librarian’s tip: Chap. VII "Plato and Isocrates"
Internal Rhetorics: Toward a History and Theory of Self-Persuasion
Jean Nienkamp.
Southern Illinois University Press, 2001
Librarian’s tip: "Isocrates on the Indivisibility of Logos" begins on p. 16
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