Bilingual Education

bilingual education, the sanctioned use of more than one language in U.S. education. The Bilingual Education Act (1968), combined with a Supreme Court decision (1974) mandating help for students with limited English proficiency, requires instruction in the native languages of students. The National Association for Bilingual Education (founded 1975) is the main U.S. professional and advocacy organization for blingual education. Critics (including the national group English First), who maintain that some students never join mainstream classes, have attempted to make English the "official" language in several states and cities; state ballot initiatives approved in California (1998) and Arizona (2000) mostly eliminated bilingual education programs there. Bilingualism proponents note the importance of ethnic heritage and the preservation of language and culture, as well as the need to educate non-English-speaking students in all subjects, not just English.

See K. Hakuta, Mirror of Language: The Debate on Bilingualism (1986); J. Cummins and D. Corson, Bilingual Education (1997); and H. Kloss, The American Bilingual Tradition (1998).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2016, The Columbia University Press.

Bilingual Education: Selected full-text books and articles

Key Concepts in Bilingual Education: Identity Texts, Cultural Citizenship, and Humanizing Pedagogy By Fránquiz, María E New England Reading Association Journal, Vol. 48, No. 1, July 1, 2012
English Language Learner Boys and Girls Reading and Math Achievement as a Function of Early-Exit and Late-Exit Bilingual Programs: A Multiyear, Statewide Analysis By Martinez, Rosa Maria; Slate, John R.; Martinez-Garcia, Cynthia Education Research International, January 1, 2014
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Curriculum-Based Measurement and the Evaluation of Reading Skills of Spanish-Speaking English Language Learners in Bilingual Education Classrooms By de Ramirez, Romilia Dominguez; Shapiro, Edward S School Psychology Review, Vol. 35, No. 3, Summer 2006
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Bilingual Education: From Compensatory to Quality Schooling By María Estela Brisk Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1998
Bilingual or Immersion? By Hamilton, Kendra; Krashen, Stephen Diverse Issues in Higher Education, Vol. 23, No. 5, April 2, 2006
Children as Pawns: The Politics of Educational Reform By Timothy A. Hacsi Harvard University Press, 2002
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Is Bilingual Education a Good Idea?"
Situational Context of Education: A Window into the World of Bilingual Learners By María Estela Brisk; Angela Burgos; Sara Hamerla Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2004
Literacy and Bilingualism: A Handbook for All Teachers By María Estela Brisk; Margaret M. Harrington Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2000
Bilinguality and Bilingualism By Josiane F. Hamers; Michel H. A. Blanc Cambridge University Press, 2000 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 11 "Bilingual Education"
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