creationism or creation science, belief in the biblical account of the creation of the world as described in Genesis, a characteristic especially of fundamentalist Protestantism (see fundamentalism). Advocates of creationism have campaigned to have it taught in U.S. public schools along with the theory of evolution, which they dispute. In 1981 a federal judge ruled unconstitutional an Arkansas law requiring the teaching of creationism, holding it to be religious in nature; a similar Louisiana law was overturned in 1982. In 1999, supporters of creationism in Kansas succeeded in removing the requirement that evolution be taught as part of the state's high school biology curriculum, but after several supporters of the measure were not reelected to the state school board that decision was reversed in 2001. Fundamentalist Christians have also opposed the teaching of scientific theories concerning the formation of the universe (see cosmology). See also intelligent design.

See E. C. Scott, Evolution vs. Creationism (2004); M. Ruse, The Evolution-Creation Struggle (2005); M. Berkman and E. Plutzer, Evolution, Creationism, and the Battle to Control America's Classrooms (2010).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Creationism: Selected full-text books and articles

Creationism and Its Critics in Antiquity By David Sedley University of California Press, 2007
The Three Failures of Creationism: Logic, Rhetoric, and Science By Walter M. Fitch University of California Press, 2012
The Creation-Evolution Debate: Historical Perspectives By Edward J. Larson University of Georgia Press, 2007
Creationism's Trojan Horse: The Wedge of Intelligent Design By Barbara Forrest; Paul R. Gross Oxford University Press, 2004
Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond By Paul F. Lurquin; Linda Stone Oxford University Press, 2007
Philosophy of Biology By Elliott Sober Westview Press, 2000 (2nd edition)
Librarian's tip: Chap. 2 "Creationism"
Looking for a topic idea? Use Questia's Topic Generator
Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed


An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.