creationism or creation science, belief in the biblical account of the creation of the world as described in Genesis, a characteristic especially of fundamentalist Protestantism (see fundamentalism). Advocates of creationism have campaigned to have it taught in U.S. public schools along with the theory of evolution, which they dispute. In 1981 a federal judge ruled unconstitutional an Arkansas law requiring the teaching of creationism, holding it to be religious in nature; a similar Louisiana law was overturned in 1982. In 1999, supporters of creationism in Kansas succeeded in removing the requirement that evolution be taught as part of the state's high school biology curriculum, but after several supporters of the measure were not reelected to the state school board that decision was reversed in 2001. Fundamentalist Christians have also opposed the teaching of scientific theories concerning the formation of the universe (see cosmology). See also intelligent design.

See E. C. Scott, Evolution vs. Creationism (2004); M. Ruse, The Evolution-Creation Struggle (2005); M. Berkman and E. Plutzer, Evolution, Creationism, and the Battle to Control America's Classrooms (2010).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Creationism: Selected full-text books and articles

American Genesis: The Antievolution Controversies from Scopes to Creation Science
Jeffrey P. Moran.
Oxford University Press, 2012
Monkey Trials and Gorilla Sermons: Evolution and Christianity from Darwin to Intelligent Design
Peter J. Bowler.
Harvard University Press, 2007
The Creation-Evolution Debate: Historical Perspectives
Edward J. Larson.
University of Georgia Press, 2007
Why Intelligent Design Fails: A Scientific Critique of the New Creationism
Matt Young; Taner Edis.
Rutgers University Press, 2004
From Genesis to Genetics: The Case of Evolution and Creationism
John A. Moore.
University of California Press, 2002
Where Darwin Meets the Bible: Creationists and Evolutionists in America
Larry A. Witham.
Oxford University Press, 2002
Creationism's Trojan Horse: The Wedge of Intelligent Design
Barbara Forrest; Paul R. Gross.
Oxford University Press, 2004
Constructing The Beginning: Discourses of Creation Science
Simon Locke.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1999
The Creation/Evolution Controversy: A Battle for Cultural Power
Kary Doyle Smout.
Praeger, 1998
The Mythmaker's Magic: Behind the Illusion of Creation Science
Delos B. McKown.
Prometheus Books, 1993
Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond
Paul F. Lurquin; Linda Stone.
Oxford University Press, 2007
Philosophy of Biology
Elliott Sober.
Westview Press, 2000 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Creationism"
Among the Creationists: Dispatches from the Anti-Evolutionist Front Line
Jason Rosenhouse.
Oxford University Press, 2012
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