Homeless Women


homelessness, the condition of not having a permanent place to live, widely perceived as a societal problem only beginning in the 1980s. Figures for the number of homeless people in the United States are imprecise, but it was estimated that 700,000 people were homeless per night in the late 1990s and 610,000 per night in the early 2010s. A survey made in 1994 found that 12 million Americans had experienced homelessness at some point in their lives. The vast majority of those who are homeless consists of single men and families with children. The problem exists in all major cities and many smaller communities. The causes range from large-scale deinstitutionalization of mentally ill people to disintegration of the social fabric in minority communities, drug and alcohol abuse, relatively stagnant wages at lower income levels, cutbacks in federal social-welfare programs, job loss, reductions in public housing, and rent increases and real-estate speculation. The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (1987) established federal support for the building and maintenance of emergency homeless shelters. The Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing (HEARTH) Act (2009) focused greater emphasis on homelessness prevention and continuing efforts to eliminate chronic homelessness. Among the efforts to reduce chronic homelessness, which involves people with disabling behavioral or health conditions who experience repeated or prolonged periods of homelessness, is the Housing First program, which emphasizes placing in homeless into housing with some support before requiring. for example, treatment for addiction; the program represents a reversal of the typical earlier approach.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Homeless Women: Selected full-text books and articles

Homeless Mothers: Face to Face with Women and Poverty By Deborah R. Connolly University of Minnesota Press, 2000
Down and Out, On the Road: The Homeless in American History By Kenneth L. Kusmer Oxford University Press, 2002
Librarian's tip: Chap. 6 "Who Were the Homeless?"
Health Problems of Sheltered Homeless Women and Their Dependent Children By Burg, Mary Ann Health and Social Work, Vol. 19, No. 2, May 1994
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Changing Women: An Ethnographic Study of Homeless Mothers and Popular Education By Rivera, Lorna Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare, Vol. 30, No. 2, June 2003
Caught in the Mix: An Oral Portrait of Homelessness By Philip Michael Bulman Auburn House, 1993
Librarian's tip: Chap. One "Flight: Women"
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Homeless in America By Carol L. M. Caton Oxford University Press, 1990
Librarian's tip: Part Two "Homeless Women"
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