Anti-Federalists, in American history, opponents of the adoption of the federal Constitution. Leading Anti-Federalists included George Mason, Elbridge Gerry, Patrick Henry, and George Clinton. Later, many of the Anti-Federalists opposed the policies of the Federalist party and of Alexander Hamilton.

See M. Borden, ed., The Antifederalist Papers (1965); C. M. Kenyon, ed., The Antifederalists (1966).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Antifederalists: Selected full-text books and articles

The Antifederalist Papers By Morton Borden Michigan State University Press, 1965
The Antifederalists: Critics of the Constitution, 1781-1788 By Jackson Turner Main University of North Carolina Press, 1961
The Federalists, the Antifederalists, and the American Political Tradition By Wilson Carey McWilliams; Michael T. Gibbons Greenwood Press, 1992
The Old Dominion and the New Nation, 1788-1801 By Richard R. Beeman University Press of Kentucky, 1972
A Revolution in Favor of Government: Origins of the U.S. Constitution and the Making of the American State By Max M. Edling Oxford University Press, 2003
Librarian's tip: Includes discussion of antifederalists in multiple chapters
The Princeton Encyclopedia of American Political History By Michael Kazin Princeton University Press, vol.1, 2010
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