William H. Rehnquist

Rehnquist, William Hubbs

William Hubbs Rehnquist (rĕn´kwĬst), 1924–2005, American public official, 16th chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1986–2005), b. Milwaukee, Wis., as William Donald Rehnquist. After receiving his law degree from Stanford Univ. in 1952, he served (1952–53) as law clerk to Supreme Court Justice Robert H. Jackson. The following year he went to Phoenix, where he practiced law and became involved in conservative Republican politics. He was (1968–71) an assistant U.S. attorney general, heading the office of legal counsel in the Dept. of Justice before being named (1971) an associate justice of the Supreme Court by President Nixon. Generally regarded as one of the more conservative members of the late 20th cent. Supreme Court, Rehnquist became known as an advocate of law and order, writing several opinions reversing the liberal trend of the Earl Warren court in criminal cases. He was named chief justice in 1986 by President Reagan, succeeding Warren Burger. The Rehnquist court was generally conservative, but the conservatism of the chief justice and the more ideological Justices Antonin Scalia and Clarence Thomas was tempered beginning in the late 1990s by the emergence of a judicially restrained bloc of justices including Sandra Day O'Connor, David Souter, and Ruth Bader Ginsburg.

See biography by J. A. Jenkins (2012).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

William H. Rehnquist: Selected full-text books and articles

The Justices of the United States Supreme Court: Their Lives and Major Opinions By Leon Friedman; Fred L. Israel Chelsea House, vol.5, 1997
Librarian's tip: Includes "William H. Rehnquist"
Judges on Judging: Views from the Bench By David M. O'Brien Chatham House Publishers, 1997
Librarian's tip: Chap. 8 "The Supreme Court's Conference" by William H. Rehnquist Chief Justice, Supreme Court of the United States and Chap. 13 "The Notion of a Living Constitution" by William H. Rehnquist Chief Justice, Supreme Court of the United States
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Remarks of Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist William and Mary Law Review, Vol. 46, No. 4, February 2005
Remarks of the Chief Justice: My Life in the Law Series By Rehnquist, William H Duke Law Journal, Vol. 52, No. 4, February 2003
Supreme Court Appointments: Judge Bork and the Politicization of Senate Confirmations By Norman Vieira; Leonard Gross Southern Illinois University Press, 1998
Librarian's tip: Discussion of William H. Rehnquist begins on p. 57
The Rehnquist Court and the Constitution By Tinsley E. Yarbrough Oxford University Press, 2000
The Rehnquist Court. (Cases, Controversy, and the Court) By Chemerinsky, Erwin Social Education, Vol. 66, No. 1, January-February 2002
Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist: Prizing People, Place, and History By Thompson, Barton H., Jr Stanford Law Review, Vol. 58, No. 6, April 2006
William H. Rehnquist: A Life Lived Greatly, and Well By Garnett, Richard W The Yale Law Journal, Vol. 115, No. 8, June 2006
In Memoriam: William H. Rehnquist: Chief Justice Rehnquist's Enduring, Democratic Constitution By Garnett, Richard W Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy, Vol. 29, No. 2, Spring 2006
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