Medicare and Medicaid


Medicare, national health insurance program in the United States for persons aged 65 and over and the disabled. It was established in 1965 with passage of the Social Security Amendments and is now run by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Coverage for certain people with disabilities began in 1973. Medicare provides for a basic program of hospital insurance, under which enrollees are protected against major costs of hospital and related care; and a supplementary medical insurance program, through which persons are aided in paying doctor bills and other health-care bills. It is funded by a tax on the earnings of employees that is matched by the employer and by premiums paid by enrollees. In 2012 some 51 million Americans were enrolled in Medicare. Legislation passed in 2003 provides for a drug benefit program (beginning in 2006), higher premiums for enrollees earning more than $80,000, and subsidies over 10 years to encourage private insurers to compete with Medicare.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Medicare and Medicaid: Selected full-text books and articles

Jennie Jacobs Kronenfeld.
Greenwood, 2011
Medicare Reform: Who Decides?
Roy, Avik S. A.
The American Spectator, Vol. 44, No. 6, July/August 2011
Cato Handbook for Policymakers
Cato Institute.
Cato Institute, 2008
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 12 "Medicare," Chap. 13 "Medicaid and SCHIP"
Code Red: An Economist Explains How to Revive the Healthcare System without Destroying It
David Dranove.
Princeton University Press, 2008
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "Mending the Safety Net"
Transforming Medicaid
Hansen, Melissa.
State Legislatures, Vol. 38, No. 3, March 2012
The Effects of Market Structure and Payment Rate on the Entry of Private Health Plans into the Medicare Market
Frakt, Austin B.; Pizer, Steven D.; Feldman, Roger.
Inquiry, Vol. 49, No. 1, Spring 2012
Medicaid and the Elderly
De Nardi, Mariacristina; French, Eric; Jones, John Bailey; Gooptu, Angshuman.
Economic Perspectives, Vol. 36, No. 1, Spring 2012
Taming the Beloved Beast: How Medical Technology Costs Are Destroying Our Health Care System
Daniel Callahan.
Princeton University Press, 2009
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 1 "Medicare on the Ropes"
Just Don't Get Sick: Access to Health Care in the Aftermath of Welfare Reform
Karen Seccombe; Kim A. Hoffman.
Rutgers University Press, 2007
The Future of Medicare and Medicaid: How Will You Fare? Information of Interest to People with Disabilities and Other Special Needs and Their Families
The Exceptional Parent, Vol. 41, No. 4, April 2011
Older Americans, Medicare, and the Affordable Care Act: What's Really in It for Elders?
Kaplan, Richard L.
Generations, Vol. 35, No. 1, Spring 2011
Healthy Voices, Unhealthy Silence: Advocacy and Health Policy for the Poor
Colleen M. Grogan; Michael K. Gusmano.
Georgetown University Press, 2007
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