Logging Industry


lumber, term for timber that has been cut into boards for use as a building material. The major steps in producing lumber involve logging (the felling and preparation of timber for shipment to sawmills), sawing the logs into boards, grading the boards according to defects and intended use, drying, and finishing the rough boards into smoother products. Among the leading lumber-producing countries in the world are Russia and the United States, which together produce over 50% of the world's lumber supply. In the United States, Maine early took the lead in production, but as the industry spread the forests of the West acquired increasing importance and Oregon, Washington, and California became leading producers. More recently, the forests of the S United States have taken over a large share of lumber production. Lumbering was one of the first industries in North America—its first exports were ship timbers. Logging was a frontier industry, the work being rough, dangerous, and difficult. Romantic, exaggerated stories and legends of the feats of the lumberjack are a colorful chapter in U.S. folklore. For lumber cuts and preparations, see wood.

See N. C. Brown, Lumber (2d ed. 1958); R. E. Pike, Tall Trees, Tough Men (1967); L. Blanchard, The Lumberjack Frontier (1969).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Logging Industry: Selected full-text books and articles

The Coming of Age of American Business: Three Centuries of Enterprise, 1600-1900 By Elisha P. Douglass University of North Carolina Press, 1971
Librarian's tip: Chap. XIV "Lumbering"
Down to Earth: Nature's Role in American History By Ted Steinberg Oxford University Press, 2002
Librarian's tip: "The Business of Trees" begins on p. 62
The Cutting Edge: Conserving Wildlife in Logged Tropical Forests By Robert A. Fimbel; Alejandro Grajal; John G. Robinson Columbia University Press, 2001
Chopping Down the Birds: Logging and the Migratory Bird Treaty Act By Kim, Helen M Environmental Law, Vol. 31, No. 1, Winter 2001
Striking the Balance: The Tale of Eight Ninth Circuit Timber Sales Cases By Brown, Susan Jane M Environmental Law, Vol. 29, No. 3, Fall 1999
Tenakee Springs V. Franzel and the Tongass Timber Reform Act By McCrackin, Karen A Environmental Law, Vol. 23, No. 3, July 1993
Talk and Log: Wilderness Politics in British Columbia, 1965-96 By Jeremy Wilson University of British Columbia Press, 1998
Librarian's tip: Chap. 2 "The BC Forest Industry"
Timber Booms and Institutional Breakdown in Southeast Asia By Michael L. Ross Cambridge University Press, 2001
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