Collective Bargaining

collective bargaining, in labor relations, procedure whereby an employer or employers agree to discuss the conditions of work by bargaining with representatives of the employees, usually a labor union. Its purpose may be either a discussion of the terms and conditions of employment (wages, work hours, job safety, or job security) or a consideration of the collective relations between both sides (the right to organize workers, recognition of a union, or a guarantee of no reprisals against the workers if a strike has occurred). The merits of collective bargaining have been argued by both opponents and proponents of the process; the former maintain that it deprives the worker of his individual liberty to dispose of his service, while the latter point out that without the union's protection the worker is subject to the dictation of the employer. As an essential process in labor relations, collective bargaining was first developed in Great Britain in the 19th cent. It has since become an accepted practice in most Western countries with a high level of industrialization. The National Labor Relations Act of 1935, known as the Wagner Act, established the right to collective bargaining in the United States.

See G. Farmer, Collective Bargaining in Transition (2 vol., 1967); J. S. Fishkin, The Limits of Obligation (1983); E. E. Herman et al., Collective Bargaining and Labor Relations (2d ed. 1987); J. P. Windmuller et al., Collective Bargaining in Industrialized Market Economies (1987).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Collective Bargaining: Selected full-text books and articles

Justice on the Job: Perspectives on the Erosion of Collective Bargaining in the United States By Richard N. Block; Sheldon Friedman; Michelle Kaminski; Andy Levin W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2006
Collective Bargaining-Its Relationship to Stakeholders By Prasad, V. Vijay Durga Indian Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol. 45, No. 2, October 2009
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Protected Industrial Action and Voluntary Collective Bargaining under the Fair Work Act 2009 By McCrystal, Shae The Economic and Labour Relations Review : ELRR, Vol. 21, No. 1, October 2010
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
A Bad Bargain: How Teacher Collective Bargaining Affects Students' Employment and Earnings Later in Life By Lovenheim, Michael F.; Willen, Alexander Education Next, Vol. 16, No. 1, Winter 2016
Collective Bargaining System in the Game between Labor and Capital: Vacancy and Reconstruction By Tan, Qiuxia Asian Social Science, Vol. 9, No. 5, May 2013
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Collective Bargaining in State and Local Government By John Patrick Piskulich Praeger Publishers, 1992
Labor Relations in Education: An International Perspective By Charles T. Kerchner; Bruce S. Cooper Greenwood Press, 1992
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