Maquiladoras

maquiladoras (mäkē´lädō´räs), Mexican assembly plants that manufacture finished goods for export to the United States. The maquiladoras are generally owned by non-Mexican corporations. They take advantage of plentiful lower-cost Mexican labor, advantageous tariff regulations (lessened somewhat as a result of the North American Free Trade Agreement), and close proximity to U.S. markets to produce such items as home appliances and automobiles. Starting on a small scale in the mid-1960s, the maquiladoras were initially almost entirely located in the N border region of Mexico. They grew dramatically after Mexico substantially revised its economic regulations concerning foreign investment in the early 1980s. From 1983 to 1990, the maquiladora industry grew at approximately 20% annually, and it grew even more sharply with the U.S. economic boom in the late 1990s; it is one of Mexico's primary sources of foreign exchange. The maquiladoras stimulated rapid population migration to the border region, particularly at its eastern and western extremities (Matamoros/Brownsville and Tijuana/San Diego). After 2000 the number of plants and workers they employed declined; in 2002 some 3,600 plants employed approximately 960,000 workers. Beginning in the late 1990s an increasing number of the plants were located in the Mexican heartland, and many plants now use automation extensively.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Maquiladoras: Selected full-text books and articles

Yucataan in an Era of Globalization By Eric N. Baklanoff; Edward H. Moseley University of Alabama Press, 2008
Globalization in Rural Mexico: Three Decades of Change By Frances Abrahamer Rothstein University of Texas Press, 2007
From Colonizing Contract to Decolonizing Covenant: The Case for Ecological Justice in Maquiladoras and a New Covenantal Approach to Christian Environmental Ethics By Ahn, Ilsup Cross Currents, Vol. 65, No. 1, March 2015
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Effects of U.S.-China Trade on Employment and Wages in the U.S.-Mexico Border Region By Ma, Alyson C.; Wooster, Rossitza B Contemporary Economic Policy, Vol. 27, No. 3, July 2009
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Murder in Juarez: Gender, Sexual Violence, and the Global Assembly Line By Livingston, Jessica Frontiers - A Journal of Women's Studies, Vol. 25, No. 1, January 2004
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
NAFTA and the Maquiladoras: Boon or Bane? By Truett, Lila J.; Truett, Dale B Contemporary Economic Policy, Vol. 25, No. 3, July 2007
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Central America Maquiladoras and Their Impact on Economic Growth and Employment By Vargas-Hernandez, Jose G European Research Studies, Vol. 14, No. 1, January 2011
The Children of NAFTA: Labor Wars on the U.S./Mexico Border By David Bacon University of California Press, 2004
Librarian's tip: Chap. 3 "Tijuana's Maquiladora Workers"
"They Are the Experts:" a Workers' Agenda for Social Change in Mexico's Maquiladoras By Huesca, Robert Canadian Journal of Latin American & Caribbean Studies, Vol. 31, No. 62, July 2006
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
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