Herbert A. Simon

Simon, Herbert Alexander

Herbert Alexander Simon, 1916–2001, American social scientist and economist, b. Milwaukee, grad. Univ. of Chicago (B.A., 1936, Ph.D., 1943). A professor of computer science and psychology at Carnegie-Mellon Univ. from 1949 until his death, Simon was a pioneer of the development of computer artificial intelligence. In economics, he contended that the theory of "economic man," which argues that the individual invariably chooses a course that will maximize personal benefits, failed to account for the inherent uncertainty of human action. His highly original work on decision-making in such books as Administrative Behavior (1947, 4th ed. 1997), in which he argued that business executives often fail to maximize profits because they make decisions without assessing all information and long-term effects, earned him the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1978. Simon's other books include Scientific Discovery (1987).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Herbert A. Simon: Selected full-text books and articles

Complex Information Processing: The Impact of Herbert A. Simon By David Klahr; Kenneth Kotovsky Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1989
Remembering Herbert A. Simon (1916-2001) By Augier, Mie; March, James G Public Administration Review, Vol. 61, No. 4, July 2001
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Reason in Human Affairs By Herbert A. Simon Stanford University Press, 1983
Public Administration By Herbert A. Simon; Donald W. Smithburg; Victor A. Thompson Alfred A. Knopf, 1950
John R. Commons and Herbert A. Simon on the Concept of Rationality By Forest, Joelle; Mehier, Caroline Journal of Economic Issues, Vol. 35, No. 3, September 2001
The Tanner Lectures on Human Values By Carlos Fuentes; Ilya Prigogine; David Gauthier; Herbert A. Simon; H. C. Robbins Landon; Sterling M. McMurrin University of Utah Press, vol.5, 1984
Current Trends in Psychological Theory: A Bicentennial Program By Wayne Dennis; Dorwin Cartwright; E. Lowell Kelly; B. F. Skinner; Alan E. Fisher; Mark R. Rosenzweig; David Krech; Edward L. Bennett; Peter M. Milner; William K. Estes; Allen Newell; Herbert A. Simon; Howard H. Kendler; O. Hobart Mowrer University of Pittsburgh Press, 1961
Cognitive Process Instruction: Research on Teaching Thinking Skills By Jack Lochhead; John Clement Franklin Institute Press, 1979
Knowledge and Cognition By Lee W. Gregg Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1974
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