William Beveridge

Beveridge, William Henry

William Henry Beveridge, 1879–1963, British economist, b. India, grad. Oxford, 1902. His fame as an authority on social problems was gained through investigations and writings in government service (1908–19), especially as director of labor exchanges, set up largely through his efforts, and in the food ministry, where he devised rationing during World War I. Knighted in 1919, he was director of the London School of Economics from that year until 1937, when he became master of University College, Oxford. Social Insurance and Allied Services (1942), a report prepared for the British government, proposed a social security system "from the cradle to the grave" for all British citizens. In 1944 his Full Employment in a Free Society advocated planned public spending, control of private investment, and other measures to assure full employment. He served (1944–45) as a Liberal member of Parliament and was in 1946 made 1st Baron Beveridge of Tuggal. Beveridge advocated state management to complement, not replace, individual initiative. This was a theme of such later writings as Voluntary Action (1948) and A Defence of Free Learning (1959).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

William Beveridge: Selected full-text books and articles

William Beveridge: A Biography By Jose Harris Clarendon Press, 1997
Power and Influence By William Beveridge Beechhurst Press, 1955
Unemployment: A Problem of Industry (1909 and 1930) By W. H. Beveridge Longmans, Green and Co., 1930
Economics: Man and His Material Resources, an Introductory Study of the Ways in Which Mankind Tries to Wrest a Living from the Earth By W. Arthur Lewis; D. J. Morgan; W. J. Corlett; F. J. Fisher; J. A. Knapp; Maurice H. Dobb; Eric Roll; Evan F. M. Durbin; G. D. H. Cole Odham Press, 1949
Librarian's tip: Discussion of William Beveridge begins on p. 200
Empire, Welfare State, Europe: English History 1906-1992 By T. O. Lloyd Oxford University Press, 1993 (4th edition)
Librarian's tip: Discussion of William Beveridge begins on p. 256
The Liberals in Power, 1905-1914 By Colin Cross Barrie and Rockliff, 1963
Librarian's tip: Discussion of William Beveridge begins on p. 87
Fifty Key Figures in Twentieth Century British Politics By Keith Laybourn Routledge, 2002
Librarian's tip: "William (Henry) Beveridge 1876-1963" begins on p. 30
Shifts in the Beveridge Curve, Job Matching, and Labor Market Dynamics By Bleakley, Hoyt; Fuhrer, Jeffrey C New England Economic Review, September-October 1997
Pressure Group: The Campaign for Commercial Television in England By H. H. Wilson Secker and Warburg, 1961
Librarian's tip: Chap. III "The Beveridge Report and the Labour Government"
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