Jean Piaget

Jean Piaget (zhäNpyä´jā), 1896–1980, Swiss psychologist, known for his research in developmental psychology. After receiving a degree in zoology from the Univ. of Neuchâtel (1918), Piaget's interests shifted to psychology. He studied under C. G. Jung and Eugen Bleuler in Zürich, and then in Paris at the Sorbonne. There, he worked with Alfred Binet in the administration of intelligence tests to children. In reviewing the tests, Piaget became interested in the types of mistakes children of various ages were likely to make. After returning to Switzerland in 1921, Piaget began to study intensively the reasoning processes of children at various ages. In 1929, he became professor of child psychology at the Univ. of Geneva, where he remained until his death, also serving as professor of psychology at the Univ. of Lausanne (1937–54). Piaget theorized that cognitive development proceeds in four genetically determined stages that always follow the same sequential order. Although best known for his groundbreaking work in developmental psychology, Piaget wrote on a number of other topics as well. Influenced by the French anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss, Piaget's Structuralism (1970) focused on the applications of dialectics and structuralism in the behavioral sciences. He also attempted a synthesis of physics, biology, psychology, and epistemology, published as Biology and Knowledge (1971). A prolific writer, Piaget's writings also include The Child's Conception of the World (tr. 1929), The Moral Judgment of the Child (tr. 1932), The Language and Thought of the Child (tr. of 3d ed. 1962), Genetic Epistemology (tr. 1970), and The Development of Thought (tr. 1977).

See studies by H. Gardner (1973, repr. 1981), G. Butterworth (1982), S. Sugarman (1987), and M. Chapman (1988).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Jean Piaget: Selected full-text books and articles

Critical Readings on Piaget By Leslie Smith Routledge, 1996
Jean Piaget: The Man and His Ideas By Richard I. Evans; Eleanor Duckworth E. P. Dutton, 1973
Piaget, Or, the Advance of Knowledge By Jacques Montangero; Danielle Maurice-Naville; Angela Cornu-Wells Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1997
The Essential Piaget By Jean Piaget; Howard E. Gruber; J. Jacques Vonèche Basic Books, 1977
Educational Psychology: A Century of Contributions By Barry J. Zimmerman; Dale H. Schunk Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 11 "Jean Piaget, Learning, Research, and American Education"
Developmental Psychology of Jean Piaget By John H. Flavell D. Van Nostrand, 1963
Conceptual Development: Piaget's Legacy By Ellin Kofsky Scholnick; Katherine Nelson; Susan A. Gelman; Patricia H. Miller Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1999
Piaget's Theory: Prospects and Possibilities By Harry Beilin; Peter Pufall Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1992
Seven Pioneers of Psychology: Behaviour and Mind By Ray Fuller Routledge, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "Jean Piaget"
The Origins of Intellect: Piaget's Theory By John L. Phillips Jr W. H. Freeman, 1969
New Directions in Piagetian Theory and Practice By Irving E. Sigel; David M. Brodzinsky; Roberta M. Golinkoff Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1981
The Psychology of the Child By Jean Piaget; Bärbel Inhelder; Helen Weaver Basic Books, 1969
The Child's Conception of the World By Jean Piaget; Joan Tomlinson; Andrew Tomlinson Littlefield, Adams, 1960
The Origins of Intelligence in Children By Jean Piaget; Margaret Cook International Universities Press, 1952
The Psychology of Intelligence By Jean Piaget; Malcolm Piercy; D. E. Berlyne Routledge, 2001
The Moral Judgment of the Child By Jean Piaget Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1932
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