Quintilian (Marcus Fabius Quintilianus) (kwĬntĬl´yən), c.AD 35–c.AD 95, Roman rhetorician, b. Calagurris (now Calahorra), Spain. He taught rhetoric at Rome (Pliny the Younger and possibly Tacitus were among his pupils) and, as a public teacher, was endowed with a salary by Vespasian, who also made him consul. His Institutio oratoria, a complete survey of rhetoric in 12 books, begins with a discussion of the education of the young and proceeds with the various principles of rhetoric. The last book deals with the life of the orator outside his profession, e.g., his morality and his deportment. The 10th book contains a list of great writers with brief but acute criticisms of their important works. Quintilian's style is among the most beautiful in his period; he succeeds in demonstrating what he sets out to inculcate—the necessity of good taste and moderation in rhetoric. He had great influence in antiquity and in the Renaissance. A number of declamations formerly assigned to him were falsely attributed.

See study by G. Kennedy (1970); M. Winterbottom ed., The Minor Declamations Ascribed to Quintilian (1984).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Quintilian: Selected full-text books and articles

Roman Education from Cicero to Quintilian By Aubrey Gwynn Clarendon Press, 1926
Librarian's tip: Chap. IX "Quintilian"
Education and Philosophical Thought By Kingsley Price Allyn and Bacon, 1962
Librarian's tip: Chap. III "Quintilian"
A Literary History of Rome in the Silver Age: From Tiberius to Hadrian By J. Wight Duff Charles Scribner's Sons, 1927
Librarian's tip: "Quintilian: Declamations and Orators" begins on p. 387
A New History of Classical Rhetoric By George A. Kennedy Princeton University Press, 1994
Librarian's tip: "Quintilian" begins on p. 177
Rhetoric and Pedagogy: Its History, Philosophy, and Practice: Essays in Honor of James J. Murphy By Winifred Bryan Horner; Michael Leff Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1995
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Quintilian begins on p. 184
Manly Writing: Gender, Rhetoric, and the Rise of Composition By Miriam Brody Southern Illinois University Press, 1993
Librarian's tip: Chap. 2 "The Eunuch and Vicious Writing"
FREE! A History of Roman Literature By Harold N. Fowler D. Appleton, 1903
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Quintilian begins on p. 206
Ancient Literary Criticism: The Principal Texts in New Translations By M. Winterbottom; D. A. Russell Clarendon Press, 1972
Librarian's tip: Chap. 9 "Quintilian and Pliny"
In Defence of Rhetoric By Brian Vickers Clarendon Press, 1998
Fifty Key Classical Authors By Alison Sharrock; Rhiannon Ash Routledge, 2002
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Quintilian begins on p. 316
Rhetoric at Rome: A Historical Survey By M. L. Clarke Routledge, 1996 (Revised edition)
Librarian's tip: Chap. X "Quintilian and Rhetorical Theory") and (Chap. XI "Quintilian and Rhetorical Teaching
Roman Eloquence: Rhetoric in Society and Literature By William J. Dominik Routledge, 1997
Librarian's tip: Chap. 4 "The Style is the Man: Seneca, Tacitus and Quintilian's Canon"
Classical Rhetoric & Its Christian & Secular Tradition from Ancient to Modern Times By George A. Kennedy University of North Carolina Press, 1999
Librarian's tip: "Quintilian's Education of the Orator" begins on p. 115
Wax Tablets of the Mind: Cognitive Studies of Memory and Literacy in Classical Antiquity By Jocelyn Penny Small Routledge, 1997
Librarian's tip: Quintilan's Elaboration of the Architectural Loci begins on p. 109
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