Genghis Khan

Jenghiz Khan

Jenghiz Khan (jĕng´gĬz, –gĬs kän) or Genghis Khan (jĕng´gĬs, gĕng´gĬs kän), Mongolian Chinggis Khaan, 1167?–1227, Mongol conqueror, originally named Temujin. He succeeded his father, Yekusai, as chieftain of a Mongol tribe and then fought to become ruler of a Mongol confederacy. After subjugating many tribes of Mongolia and establishing his capital at Karakorum, Temujin held (1206) a great meeting, the khuriltai, at which he accepted leadership of the Mongols and assumed his title. He promulgated a code of conduct and reorganized his armies. He attacked (1213) the Jurchen-ruled Chin empire of N China and by 1215 had occupied most of its territory, including the capital, Yenching (now Beijing). From 1218 to 1224 he conquered Turkistan, Transoxania, and Afghanistan and raided Persia and E Europe to the Dnieper River. Jenghiz Khan ruled one of the greatest land empires the world has ever known. He died while campaigning against the Jurchen, and his vast domains were divided among his sons and grandsons. His wars were marked by ruthless carnage, but Jenghiz Khan was a brilliant ruler and military leader. Timur was said to be descended from him.

See biographies by H. Lamb (1927, repr. 1960), B. J. Vladimirtsov (1930, repr. 1969), R. Fox (1936, repr. 1962), R. Grousset (tr. 1967), and R. P. Lister (1969); H. D. Martin, The Rise of Chingis Khan and His Conquest of North China (1950, repr. 1971); L. Kwanten, Imperial Nomads (1979).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Genghis Khan: Selected full-text books and articles

Genghis Khan: The Emperor of All Men By Harold Lamb Robert M. McBride, 1927
The Mongol Empire: Its Rise and Legacy By Michael Prawdin; Eden Paul; Cedar Paul Macmillan, 1940
Librarian's tip: Part One "Jenghiz Khan"
Cultural Encounters on China's Ethnic Frontiers By Stevan Harrell University of Washington Press, 1995
Librarian's tip: "Chinggis Khan: From Imperial Ancestor to Ethnic Hero" begins on p. 248
Truth, History and Politics in Mongolia: The Memory of Heroes By Christopher Kaplonski Routledge, 2004
Librarian's tip: Chap. 6 "Chinggiss Khaan"
The Living Past By Ivar Lissner; J. Maxwell Brownjohn G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1957
Librarian's tip: "Genghis Khan and Tamerlane - Hated, Cursed, Love, and Admired" begins on p. 196
Poisoned Arrows: The Stalin-Choibalsan Mongolian Massacres, 1921-1941 By Shagdariin Sandag; Harry H. Kendall Westview Press, 2000
Librarian's tip: "Genghis Khan (1162-1227)" begins on p. 9
The Empire of the Steppes: A History of Central Asia By René Grousset; Naomi Walford Rutgers University Press, 1970
Librarian's tip: Part II "The Jenghiz-Khanite Mongols"
A History of Inner Asia By Svat Soucek Cambridge University Press, 2000
Librarian's tip: Chap. Seven "The Conquering Mongols"
The Great Battles of Antiquity: A Strategic and Tactical Guide to Great Battles That Shaped the Development of War By Richard A. Gabriel; Donald W. Boose Jr Greenwood Press, 1994
Librarian's tip: Chap. 15 "The Mongols: Sajo River"
From Spear to Flintlock: A History of War in Europe and the Middle East to the French Revolution By Frederic J. Baumgartner Praeger Publishers, 1991
Librarian's tip: Chap. 11 "The End of the Medieval Military"
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