Hideki Tojo

Hideki Tojo (hēdā´kē tō´jō), 1884–1948, Japanese general and statesman. He became prime minister after he forced Konoye's resignation in Oct., 1941. His accession marked the final triumph of the military faction which advocated war with the United States and Great Britain. As the most powerful leader in the government during World War II, he approved the attack on Pearl Harbor and pushed the Japanese offensive in China, SE Asia, and the Pacific. His military coordination with Nazi Germany was weakened by mutual mistrust and divergent Russian policies. At home, the Japanese government asserted totalitarian control. Tojo resigned in July, 1944, after the loss of Saipan in the Marianas. In Apr., 1945, he recommended that the war be fought to a finish. He attempted suicide in Sept., 1945, but he was arrested by the Allies as a war criminal, tried, convicted, and executed.

See R. J. C. Butow, Tojo and the Coming of the War (1961).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Hideki Tojo: Selected full-text books and articles

World Military Leaders: A Collective and Comparative Analysis By Mostafa Rejai; Kay Phillips Praeger Publishers, 1996
Librarian’s tip: "Hideki Tojo (1884-1948)" begins on p. 102
Hirohito and War: Imperial Tradition and Military Decision Making in Prewar Japan By Peter Wetzler University of Hawaii Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "Tojo and the Emperor: Mutual Political Convictions"
Defending Japan's Pacific War: The Kyoto School Philosophers and Post-White Power By David Williams RoutledgeCourzon, 2004
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Wartime Japan as It Really Was: The Kyoto School's Struggle against Tojo (1941-44)"
The Undeclared War, 1940-1941 By William L. Langer; S. Everett Gleason Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1953
Librarian’s tip: Chap. XXVI "Around and Around the Same Circle"
In the Service of the Emperor: Essays on the Imperial Japanese Army By Edward J. Drea University of Nebraska Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Twelve "Chasing a Decisive Victory Emperor: Hirohito and Japan's War with the West (1941-1945)"
Journey to the Missouri By Toshikazu Kase Yale University Press, 1950
Librarian’s tip: Includes discussion of Hideki Tojo in multiple chapters
Politics, Trials, and Errors By Lord Hankey H. Regnery, 1950
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Four "The Japanese Trials" and Chap. Five "Shigemitsu"
Strategy and Command: The First Two Years By Louis Morton Office of the Chief of Military History, Dept. of the Army, 1962
Librarian’s tip: Chap. IV "The Decision for War"
The Defeat of Japan By David Rees Praeger Publishers, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Saipan and the Fall of Tojo"
Command Decisions By Kent Roberts Greenfield U. S. Government Printing Office, 1960
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "Japan's Decision for War"
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