Kim Dae Jung

Kim Dae Jung (kĬm dā jŏŏng), 1924–2009, president (1998–2003) of South Korea. A native of South Jeolla prov., Kim was a long-time campaigner for increased democracy and a writer on international issues. He was elected to the national legislature in 1961 and a decade later first ran for president as leader of the opposition to President Park Chung Hee. In 1973, while he was in Japan, he was kidnapped by South Korea's spy agency and taken back to Seoul. From the mid-1970s through the mid-80s he spent much time either in prison or in exile in the United States. After returning to Korea in 1985, he again ran unsuccessfully for president in 1987 and 1992. In the midst of a financial crisis in 1997, he finally won the presidency, succeeding Kim Young Sam. Kim worked to reform and revive the economy and sought improved relations with North Korea, calling for an easing of U.S. policy toward it and traveling in 2000 to the North for a historic summit with Kim Jong Il (see under Kim Il Sung). For his efforts to promote democracy and human rights as well as to open ties with North Korea, Kim was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize (2000). The failure of the North to honor its pledges, a slowing economy, and a series of corruption scandals, including ones involving his sons, subsequently hurt Kim politically. His reputation was further damaged when it was revealed in Feb., 2003, that his summit with Kim Jong Il might have been due in part to payment of $186 million to the North.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Kim Dae Jung: Selected full-text books and articles

The Odyssey of Korean Democracy: Korean Politics, 1987-1990 By Manwoo Lee Praeger Publishers, 1990
Librarian’s tip: Includes discussion of Kim Dae Jung in multiple chapters
Korean Endgame: A Strategy for Reunification and U.S. Disengagement By Selig S. Harrison Princeton University Press, 2002
Librarian’s tip: "Kim Dae Jung and the 'Sunshine Policy'" begins on p. 82
Seeking Truth in Action By Oberdorfer, Don The Wilson Quarterly, Vol. 23, No. 3, Summer 1999
New Year's Message By Dae-jung, Kim Presidents & Prime Ministers, Vol. 8, No. 1, January 1999
Korea's Commitments By Jung, Kim Dae Presidents & Prime Ministers, Vol. 8, No. 6, November 1999
North Koreans as Our Brothers & Sisters By Jung, Kim Dae Presidents & Prime Ministers, Vol. 9, No. 4, July 2000
Limitless Opportunities in "Digital Economy" By Jung, Kim Dae Presidents & Prime Ministers, Vol. 9, No. 3, May 2000
Moving to the International Stage as a First-Rate Nation By Jung, Kim Dae Presidents & Prime Ministers, Vol. 10, No. 5, September-October 2001
Consolidating Democracy in South Korea By Larry Diamond; Byung-Kook Kim Lynne Rienner, 2000
Librarian’s tip: "Economic Reform Under Kim Dae Jung" begins on p. 158
Korean Politics: The Quest for Democratization and Economic Development By John Kie-Chiang Oh Cornell University Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: "Kim Dae-jung: The Man and His Ideas" begins on p. 232
The Future of North Korea By Tsuneo Akaha Routledge, 2002
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "The Sunshine Policy and the Korean Summit "
The Two Koreas: A Contemporary History By Don Oberdorfer Basic Books, 1997
Librarian’s tip: "The Fight to Save Kim Dae Jung" begins on p. 133
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