Che Guevara

Che Guevara (Ernesto Guevara) (chā gāvä´rä, ārnĕs´tō), 1928–67, Cuban revolutionary and political leader, b. Argentina. Trained as a physician at the Univ. of Buenos Aires, he took part (1952) in riots against the dictator Juan Perón in Argentina, joined agitators in Bolivia, and worked in a leper colony. In 1953 he went to Guatemala, joined the leftist regime of Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán, and when Arbenz was overthrown (1954) fled to Mexico, where he met Fidel Castro and other Cuban rebels. Guevara became Castro's chief lieutenant soon after the rebel invasion of Cuba in 1956, in which he proved to be a resourceful guerrilla leader. As president of the national bank after the fall (Jan., 1959) of Fulgencio Batista he was instrumental in cutting Cuba's traditional ties with the United States and in directing the flow of trade to the Communist bloc. He served (1961–65) as minister of industry. At heart a revolutionary rather than an administrator, he left Cuba in 1965 to foster revolutionary activity in the Congo and other countries. In 1967, directing an ineffective guerrilla movement in Bolivia, he was wounded, captured, and executed by government troops. Guevara wrote Guerrilla Warfare (1961), Man and Socialism in Cuba (1967), Reminiscences of the Cuban Revolutionary War (1968), and The African Dream (2001), a forthright account of the failed Congo rebellion. His Diary of a Combatant, describing his role in the Cuban revolution, was published in Cuba in 2011.

See his diaries, ed. by R. Scheer (1968) and by D. James (1968); his speeches and writings, ed. by J. Gerassi (1968) and D. Deutschmann (1987); biography by J. L. Anderson (1997); D. James, Che Guevara (1969); M. Ebon, Che: The Making of a Legend (1969); L. J. González and G. A. Sánchez Salazar, The Great Rebel (tr. 1969); R. Harris, Death of a Revolutionary (1970); L. Sauvage, Che Guevara: The Failure of a Revolutionary (1974).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Che Guevara: Selected full-text books and articles

Che Guevara: A Biography By Richard L. Harris Greenwood, 2011
The Legacy of Che Guevara: A Documentary Study By Donald C. Hodges Thames and Hudson, 1977
Marxism and Spirituality: An International Anthology By Benjamin B. Page Bergin & Garvey, 1993
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "The New Socialist Man: The Dialectic of the Individual and the Collective" by Ernesto "Che" Guevara
The Latin American Revolution: Politics and Strategy from Apro-Marxism to Guevarism By Donald C. Hodges William Morrow, 1974
Librarian’s tip: Chap. V "Guevarism or the Insurrectional Foco"
Liberators and Patriots of Latin America: Biographies of 23 Leaders from Doña Marina (1505-1530) to Bishop Romero (1917-1980) By Jerome R. Adams McFarland, 1991
Librarian’s tip: Includes "Ernesto "Che" Guevara (1928 - 1967): Existential Poet"
Guerrilla Warfare: A Historical, Biographical, and Bibliographical Sourcebook By Anthony James Joes Greenwood Press, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Includes "Guevara in Bolivia"
NLF; National Liberation Fronts: 1960/1970 By Donald C. Hodges; Robert Shanab Elias Abu Morrow, 1972
Librarian’s tip: Part 4, Chap. 9 "Divergence between the Communist Party of Bolivia and Che Guevara"
Castroism, Theory and Practice By Theodore Draper Frederick A. Praeger, 1965
Modern Latin American Revolutions By Eric Selbin Westview Press, 1999 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Social Revolutionary Leadership: Ideology and Strategy"
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