Jose Marti

Martí, José

José Martí (hōsā´ märtē´), 1853–95, Cuban essayist, poet, and patriot, leader of the Cuban struggle for independence. One of the greatest prose writers of Spanish America, he is noted for his fluent style and vivid imagery. In Nuestra América (1891) and other essays he brilliantly analyzed the sociopolitical problems of Latin America. As a poet he wrote the famous Ismaelillo (1882), Versos libres (c.1882, pub. 1913), and a collection of exquisite lyrics, Versos sencillos (1891). His disregard for the stilted rhetoric of most 19th-century Spanish literature made him a precursor of the modernismo movement. Simultaneously a poet and a man of action, Martí led a life of heroic dedication to the cause of Cuban independence. At the age of 16 he was arrested and exiled. A long and arduous pilgrimage ensued during which he lived and worked in Mexico, Spain, Guatemala, Venezuela, and the United States, chiefly in New York City. He earned his living mostly by contributing articles (including some perceptive appraisals of literary, artistic, and political life in the United States) to South American newspapers and to the New York Sun. A great admirer of the United States, he nevertheless feared the effect of U.S. power and influence on the South American republics. During his last stay in the United States (1881–95) he founded the Cuban Revolutionary party and became the leading figure of the liberation movement. A major tragedy at the commencement of the final insurrection against Spain was his untimely death at the battle of Dos Ríos in May, 1895.

See biographies by F. Lizoso (1953, repr. 1974) and R. B. Gray (1962).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Jose Marti: Selected full-text books and articles

José Martí, Mentor of the Cuban Nation By John M. Kirk University Presses of Florida, 1983
José Martí, Cuban Patriot By Richard Butler Gray University of Florida Press, 1962
War and Genocide in Cuba, 1895-1898 By John Lawrence Tone; Louis A. Pérez Jr University of North Carolina Press, 2006
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Jose Marti: A Dream of Cuba"
Martí on the U.S.A By José Martí; Luis A. Baralt Southern Illinois University Press, 1966
Roots of Revolution: Radical Thought in Cuba By Sheldon B. Liss University of Nebraska Press, 1987
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Jose Marti begins on p. 44
Pragmatism in the Americas By Gregory Fernando Pappas Fordham University Press, 2011
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Jose Marti begins on p. 217
Marti, Race, & Cuban Identity By Perez, Hebert Monthly Review, Vol. 55, No. 6, November 2003
Found at Sea: Jose Marti's 11-Day Odyssey and Cuba's War of Independence By Braun, Paul F The Historian, Vol. 74, No. 3, Fall 2012
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Translating Interdisciplinarity: Reading Marti Reading Whitman By Lopez, Alfred J The Comparatist, Vol. 35, May 2011
On Reading South in the New World: Whitman, Marti, Glissant, and the Hegelian Dialectic By Handley, George B The Mississippi Quarterly, Vol. 56, No. 4, Fall 2003
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Trading with the Enemy: A Yankee Travels through Castro's Cuba By Tom Miller Basic Books, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Jose Marti begins on p. 267
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