Haskalah (Jewish Enlightenment)


Haskalah (hä´skəlä´), [Heb.,=enlightenment] Jewish movement in Europe active from the 1770s to the 1880s. Beginning in Germany in the circle of the German Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn and spreading to Galicia and Russia, the Haskalah called for increased secularization of Jewish life through secular learning, a concern for esthetics, and linguistic assimilation (especially in Germany), all in the cause of speeding Jewish emancipation. The proponents of the Haskalah (maskilim) established schools and published periodicals and other works. By publishing in Hebrew, they contributed to the revival of the language.

See J. Katz, Tradition and Crisis (1961).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Haskalah (Jewish Enlightenment): Selected full-text books and articles

Haskalah: The Romantic Movement in Judaism By Olga Litvak Rutgers University Press, 2012
The Jewish Enlightenment By Shmuel Feiner; Chaya Naor University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004
Moses Mendelssohn and the Enlightenment By Allan Arkush State University of New York Press, 1994
The Evolution of Secular Judaism By Kulick, Seth The Humanist, Vol. 53, No. 2, March-April 1993
FREE! The Haskalah Movement in Russia By Jacob S. Raisin The Jewish Publication Society of America, 1913
The Jewish Religion: A Companion By Louis Jacobs Oxford University Press, 1995
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