Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat, Marquis De Condorcet

Condorcet, Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat, marquis de

Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat Condorcet, marquis de (märē´ zhäN äNtwän´ nēkôlä´ kärētä´ märkē´ də kôNdôrsā´), 1743–94, French mathematician, philosopher, and political leader, educated at Reims and Paris. He became a member of the Academy of Sciences in 1769 and of the French Academy in 1782. His work on the theory of probability (1785) was a valuable contribution to mathematics. Condorcet took part in the French Revolution, but, opposing the extremes of the Jacobins, he was condemned and died in prison. His best-known work is Esquisse d'un tableau historique des progrès de l'esprit humain (1795; tr. Sketch for a Historical Picture of the Progress of the Human Mind, 1955). In that work Condorcet traced human development through nine epochs to the French Revolution and predicted in the 10th epoch the ultimate perfection of man.

See studies by K. M. Baker (1982), L. Rosenfield (1984), and E. Rothschild (2001).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat, Marquis De Condorcet: Selected full-text books and articles

The Riddle of History: The Great Speculators from Vico to Freud By Bruce Mazlish Minerva Press, 1968
Librarian’s tip: Chap. IV "Condorcet"
French Liberal Thought in the Eighteenth Century: A Study of Political Ideas from Bayle to Condorcet By Kingsley Martin Little, Brown, 1929
Librarian’s tip: "Historical Interpretation -- Voltaire, Turgot, and Condorcet" begins on p. 281
The Improvement of Humanity: Education and the French Revolution By R. R. Palmer Princeton University Press, 1985
Librarian’s tip: "The Condorcet Plan" begins on p. 124
First Essay on Population, 1798 By Thomas Robert Malthus MacMillan, 1926
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Condorcet begins on p. 149
Principles of Electoral Reform By Michael Dummett Oxford University Press, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Condorcet begins on p. 48
Women, Equality, and the French Revolution By Candice E. Proctor Greenwood Press, 1990
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Condorcet begins on p. 111
Dominant Themes of Modern Philosophy: A History By George Boas Ronald Press, 1957
Librarian’s tip: "Condorcet" begins on p. 371
FREE! A History of Political Theories from Rousseau to Spencer By William Archibald Dunning The Macmillan Company, 1920
Librarian’s tip: "Condorcet" begins on p. 106
Communications and History: Theories of Media, Knowledge, and Civilization By Paul Heyer Greenwood Press, 1988
Librarian’s tip: "Condorcet's Ten-Stage Sketch" begins on p. 25
Voting Cycles in Business Curriculum Reform, a Note By Beck, John H American Economist, Vol. 41, No. 1, Spring 1997
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Topics in Social Choice: Sophisticated Voting, Efficacy, and Proportional Representation By Dan S. Felsenthal Praeger Publishers, 1990
Librarian’s tip: Includes discussion of Condorcet in multiple chapters
The Misguided Renaissance of Social Choice By Stearns, Maxwell L The Yale Law Journal, Vol. 103, No. 5, March 1994
Enlightenment Aberrations: Error and Revolution in France By David W. Bates Cornell University Press, 2002
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "Cutting Through Doubt: Condorcet and the Political Decision"
The Early Origins of the Social Sciences By Lynn McDonald McGill-Queens University Press, 1996
Librarian’s tip: "Probability, "Social Mathematics," And Feminism" begins on p. 182
Philosophy of History: A Guide for Students By M. C. Lemon Routledge, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Condorcet begins on p. 184
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