Konrad Adenauer

Konrad Adenauer (kôn´rät ä´dənou´ər), 1876–1967, West German chancellor. A lawyer and a member of the Catholic Center party, he was lord mayor of Cologne and a member of the provincial diet of Rhine prov. from 1917 until 1933, when he was dismissed by the National Socialist (Nazi) regime. He was twice imprisoned (1933 and 1944) by the Nazis. Cofounder of the Christian Democratic Union (1945) and its president from 1946 to 1966, he was elected chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) in 1949 and was reelected in 1953, 1957, and 1961. He also served (1951–55) as his own foreign minister, negotiating the West German peace treaty (1952) with the Western Allies and obtaining recognition of West Germany's full sovereignty through the Paris Pacts and through an agreement with the USSR in 1955.

Adenauer's strong will and political acumen helped to give Der Alte [the old man], as he was known, great authority in West German public life. The political architect of the astounding West German recovery, he saw the solution of German problems in terms of European integration, and he helped secure West Germany's membership in the various organizations of what has become the European Union. In 1961 his party lost its absolute majority in the Bundestag, and he formed a coalition cabinet with the Free Democrats. In 1962 a cabinet crisis arose over the government's raid of the offices of the magazine Der Spiegel, which had attacked the Adenauer regime for military unpreparedness. After agreeing to the Free Democrats' demands that he exclude his defense minister, Franz Josef Strauss, who was implicated in the affair, from a new cabinet, Adenauer succeeded in re-forming the coalition. At the same time Adenauer announced (Dec., 1962) his retirement as part of the agreement with the Free Democrats. He resigned in Oct., 1963. His writings include World Indivisible (tr. 1955).

See his memoirs of the years 1945–53 (tr. by B. R. von Oppen, 1966); biographies by T. C. F. Prittie (1972) and C. Williams (2001); E. Alexander, Adenauer and the New Germany (tr. 1957); P. Weymar, Adenauer (tr. 1957); A. J. Heidenheimer, Adenauer and the CDU (1960); N. Frei, Adenauer's Germany and the Nazi Past (2003).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Konrad Adenauer: Selected full-text books and articles

German Politics, 1945-1995 By Peter Pulzer Oxford University Press, 1995
Librarian's tip: Chap. 3 "The Adenauer Era"
The American Impact on Postwar Germany By Reiner Pommerin Berghahn Books, 1995
Librarian's tip: Chap. 1 "Konrad Adenauer and the United States"
Reinventing Germany: German Political Development since 1945 By Anthony Glees Berg Publishers Ltd., 1996
Librarian's tip: Chap. 4 "Adenauer's High Policy" and Chap. 5 "Adenauer's Model Germany: 1955-63"
Europe, Cold War and Coexistence, 1953-1965 By Wilfried Loth Frank Cass, 2004
Librarian's tip: Chap. 2 "Adenauer's Final Western Choice, 1955-58" and Chap. 3 "Adenauer and Nuclear Deterrence"
Grand Designs and Visions of Unity: The Atlantic Powers and the Reorganization of Western Europe, 1955-1963 By Jeffrey Glen Giauque University of North Carolina Press, 2002
Librarian's tip: Chap. Three "Adenauer, de Gaulle, and the Formation of the Franco-German Entente, 1958-1960" and Chap. Seven "Adenauer, de Gaulle, and the Franco-German Treaty of 1963"
Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy since 1945 By John Lewis Gaddis; Philip H. Gordon; Ernest R. May; Jonathan Rosenberg Oxford University Press, 1999
Librarian's tip: Chap. 11 "Konrad Adenauer: Defense Diplomat on the Backstage"
Ethics and Statecraft: The Moral Dimension of International Affairs By Joel H. Rosenthal; Cathal J. Nolan Praeger, 2004 (2nd edition)
Librarian's tip: Chap. 10 "Konrad Adenauer, Arms, and the Redemption of Germany"
The Road to Maastricht: Negotiating Economic and Monetary Union By Kenneth Dyson; Kevin Featherstone Oxford University Press, 1999
Librarian's tip: Chap. 6 "EMU, the Kohl Chancellorship, and German Political Tradition: The Legacy of Adenauer and Erhard"
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