Walter Ulbricht

Walter Ulbricht (väl´tər ŏŏl´brĬkht), 1893–1973, Communist leader in the German Democratic Republic. A founder of the German Communist party, he fled Germany in 1933 and went to Moscow, where he was a member of the politburo of the exiled German Communist party. Ulbricht entered Germany with the Russian troops in 1945. In 1949 he became deputy premier of the German Democratic Republic and in 1950 was named secretary-general of the Socialist Unity party, successor to the Communist party. Leader of East Germany from that time, he became chairman of the council of state in 1960. A hard-line Communist who was opposed to normalizing relations with West Germany, Ulbricht was responsible for the building (1961) of the Berlin Wall. He strongly supported close ties with the USSR and sent troops to join the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968. In 1971 he was replaced as secretary-general by Erich Honecker.

See biography by C. Stern (tr. 1965).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Walter Ulbricht: Selected full-text books and articles

German Politics under Soviet Occupation By Henry Krisch Columbia University Press, 1974
Librarian’s tip: Ulbricht is discussed throughout
Germany in Western Civilization By William Harvey Maehl University of Alabama, 1979
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 55 "The German Democratic Republic"
Europe since 1945: An Encyclopedia By Bernard A. Cook Garland, vol.2, 2001
Librarian’s tip: Biography of Ulbricht begins on p. 1282
Between Reform and Revolution: German Socialism and Communism from 1840 to 1990 By David E. Barclay; Eric D. Weitz Berghahn Books, 2002
Librarian’s tip: Especially Chap. 17 "The Soviets, the German Left, and the Problem of 'Sectarianism' in the Eastern Zone, 1945 to 1949"
Anatomy of a Dictatorship: Inside the GDR, 1949-1989 By Mary Fulbrook Oxford University Press, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Ulbricht is discussed in multiple chapters
Dictatorship as Experience: Towards a Socio-Cultural History of the GDR By Konrad H. Jarausch; Eve Duffy Berghahn Books, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Ulbricht is discussed in multiple chapters, including Chap. 17 "Reforming Socialism? The Changing of the Guard from Ulbricht to Honecker During the 1960s"
We Now Know: Rethinking Cold War History By John Lewis Gaddis Oxford University Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Ulbricht is discussed in Chap. 5 "The German Question"
East Germany in 1956: Walter Ulbricht's Tenacity in the Face of Opposition By Granville, Johanna The Australian Journal of Politics and History, Vol. 52, No. 3, September 2006
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Dictionary of East European History since 1945 By Joseph Held Greenwood Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: "German Democratic Republic (East Germany)" begins on p. 175
Uprising in East Germany 1953 By Christian F. Ostermann; Malcolm Byrne Central European University Press, 2001
Librarian’s tip: Ulbricht's role is discussed in the epilogue, which starts on p. 415
The Politics of Economic Decline in East Germany, 1945-1989 By Jeffrey Kopstein University of North Carolina Press, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Ulbricht is discussed throughout
Germany's Cold War: The Global Campaign to Isolate East Germany, 1949-1969 By William Glenn Gray University of North Carolina Press, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Ulbricht is discussed in multiple sections, including "The Ulbricht Doctrine," which begins on p. 197
The East German Leadership and the Division of Germany: Patriotism and Propaganda 1945-1953 By Dirk Spilker Oxford University Press, 2006
Librarian’s tip: Ulbricht is discussed throughout
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