William Lamb

Melbourne, William Lamb, 2d Viscount

William Lamb Melbourne, 2d Viscount (mĕl´bərn), 1779–1848, British statesman. He entered Parliament as a Whig in 1805, was (1827–28) chief secretary for Ireland, and entered (1828) the House of Lords on the death of his father. As home secretary (1830–34) for the 2d Earl Grey, his vigorous suppression of agrarian disturbances and trade unionism (see Tolpuddle Martyrs) ended a reputation for indolence. A believer in aristocratic government, unsympathetic with middle-class political and economic aims, Melbourne accepted the Reform Bill of 1832 as a political necessity.

As prime minister (1834, 1835–39, 1839–41) his views brought him support from Whigs and moderate Tories, and he excluded radicals from his ministries. He conceded such reforms as amendment of the poor law (1834), the Municipal Corporations Act (1835), and liberalization of the Canadian government. He was also conciliatory in his policy toward Ireland. However, he resisted further parliamentary reform and repeal of the corn laws.

Melbourne viewed the prime ministership as a supervisory position; cabinet members, such as Lord Palmerston, played a vital role in developing policy. Handsome and urbane, Melbourne was a favorite of the young Queen Victoria and taught her important lessons in statecraft. It was at her request that he returned to office (1839) after Sir Robert Peel resigned over a disagreement with the queen.

Melbourne's wife, Lady Caroline Lamb, 1785–1828, was clever and beautiful, but also eccentric, impulsive, and indiscreet. She is remembered less for the minor novels that she wrote than for her love affair with Lord Byron. Lady Caroline and her husband separated in 1825.

See Lord Melbourne's papers (ed. by L. C. Sanders, 1889, repr. 1971); biography of him by Lord David Cecil (1954, repr. 1965); biography of his wife by H. Blyth (1972).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

William Lamb: Selected full-text books and articles

Lord Melbourne, 1779-1848 By L. G. Mitchell Oxford University Press, 1997
Lord Melbourne By Bertram Newman Macmillan and Co., Limited, 1930
Byron's 'Cordeau Blanc': The Life and Letters of Lady Melbourne By Elizabeth Milbanke Lamb Melbourne; Jonathan David Gross Texas A&M University Press, 1998
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
FREE! The Prime Ministers of Britain, 1721-1921 By Clive Bigham E. P. Dutton, 1922
Librarian's tip: Chap. XII "The Last Whigs: Melbourne and Palmerston
Queen Victoria and Her Prime Ministers By Algernon Cecil Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1953
Librarian's tip: Chap. 4 "Chapter IV: Lord Melbourne"
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